The Mannheim rocket is a fast, ascending sequence of tones (e.g. an arpeggio or a diatonic run) in the melody part, which is also often provided with a crescendo . It usually appears at the beginning of a piece or a musical phrase (e.g. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , Symphony No. 40 in G minor (KV 550) , last movement or Ludwig van Beethoven , Piano Sonata No. 1 in F minor (Op. 2 / 1) , first movement) and acts as a kind of energetic impulse generator, an initial spark for the piece. She is one of the Mannheim manners .
The term is figuratively derived on the one hand from the rapidly rising rocket , on the other hand from the so-called Mannheim School ( Johann Stamitz , Christian Cannabich and others), which the Mannheim rocket particularly liked to use. The term was coined in the 19th century by the musicologist Hugo Riemann .
- Article Mannheim School . In: Riemann Musiklexikon . Material part. B. Schott's Sons, Mainz 1967.