Marashi Najafi Library
The Marashi Najafi Library , also Marashi Najafi Library ( Persian کتابخانه آیتالله مرعشی نجفی Ketabchane-ye Ayatollah Maraschi Najafi ), is one of the most important public libraries with the third largest collection of manuscripts in the Islamic world. The founder was the legal scholar and Ayatollah Maraschi Najafi .
It goes back to the private collection of Grand Ayatollah Maraschi Najafi (1897–1990) in the holy city and capital of the Qom province of the same name from 1966. It was officially opened in 1974. Najafi was one of those spiritual leaders who supported the Iranian Revolution in 1978/79 and promoted the return of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini , the spiritual and political leader, from exile in France. With the social upheavals in Iran , the library gained in importance and it was continuously expanded, also by the Islamic Republic . Najafi's eldest son then ran the facility for more than thirty years. She has been involved in an international digitization project for Islam for several years .
The current inventory, which is now housed on seven floors and 21,000 m², comprises more than 35,000 general Islamic and Shiite manuscripts and 800,000 books. The collection is considered to be the world's largest of the Shia and the third largest collection of Islamic manuscripts. The most important examples include those from the 8th to 12th centuries. Around 65 percent of these are religious writings and 35 percent are astronomy, mathematics, medicine, engineering, etc.
- Anthony Lo Bello (Ed.): Gerard of Cremona's Translation of the Commentary of Al-Nayrizi on Book I of Euclid's Elements of Geometry . Brill Academic Publishers, Danvers 2003, ISBN 0-391-04197-5 , pp. Xxviii. (Qom Library of Ayatollah Marashi Najafi)
- Holy City's Library Preserves The Ancient Texts of Islam ( Memento of the original from October 29, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Al-Monitor, accessed May 17, 2014.
- John Esposito (Ed.): Oxford Dictionary of Islam . Oxford University Press, New York 2003, ISBN 0-19-512559-2 , p. 192.
- Richard C. Martín (ed.): Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World . Volume 1, Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2004, ISBN 0-02-865604-0 , p. 416.
- Elizabeth Poole, John E. Richardson (Eds.): Muslims and the News Media . Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2006, ISBN 978-1-84511-171-7 , p. 163.