life and work
Shortly after the birth of Marcel Brillouin, his family moved to Paris, where he later attended the Lycée Condorcet . During the Franco-Prussian War , the family then fled to Melle again. After the war he attended the École normal supérieure from 1874 to 1878 and then became a physics assistant at the Collège de France , where he also received his doctorate in 1881 . He then spent several years organizing state exams for mathematicians ( concours d'agrégation ) at various locations (Nancy 1880–1882, Dijon, Toulouse) before returning to the École Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1888. From 1900 to 1931 he held a professorship for mathematical physics at the Collège de France. In 1921 he was elected a member of the Académie des Sciences . He was a participant in the first four Solvay conferences in Brussels.
His son was the physicist Léon Brillouin .
Jean Coulomb is one of his students .
- John J. O'Connor, Edmund F. Robertson : Marcel Brillouin. In: MacTutor History of Mathematics archive .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Brillouin, Marcel Louis (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French physicist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 19, 1854|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Melle (Deux-Sèvres)|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 16, 1948|
|Place of death||Paris|