Mark (currency)

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5 trillion mark note (1923)

Mark (historically also Marck ) is the name of various currencies. The name is derived from the old, original Germanic weight unit mark .

In Germany

Main article: German monetary history before 1871
Main article: German monetary history (after 1871)

In the area of ​​today's Federal Republic of Germany there were different currencies with the name Mark .

After the establishment of the German Empire in 1871:

In the German colonies:
New Guinea Mark
German South West Africa Mark

After the end of World War II :

In Denmark

From the 15th century until the end of 1874, the mark was the currency unit of Denmark . It was divided into 16  shillings at 12 pfennigs.

In England and Scotland

In England and Scotland the mark was introduced under Alfred the Great , where it served as a mere accounting currency and coins were never minted. One mark was the equivalent of 2/3 of a pound sterling, or 13 shillings , 4 pence .


After Namibia's independence , consideration was given to naming the new national currency as the mark . Ultimately, the decision was made in favor of the dollar .

The highest face value in marks that a coin has ever had is on the 1 billion mark piece of the province of Westphalia .

Individual evidence

  1. Henry Noel Humphreys : The gold, silver, and copper coins of England, exhibited in a series of fac-similes of the most interesting coins of each successive period; printed in gold, silver, and copper, accompanied by a sketch of the progress of the English coinage from the earliest period to the present time . 6th edition. HG Bohn, London 1849, LCCN  10-029951 , OCLC 8696980 , p. 33 ( online [accessed July 3, 2013]).
  2. ^ Michael Prestwich: Edward I. University of California, Berkeley 1988, ISBN 0-520-06266-3 , p. 1, Note on Money .