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Mesophyll is the totality of the basic tissue of the plant leaves between the upper and lower upper skin ( epidermis ) , with the exception of the vascular bundles .

The mesophyll of the bifacial (dorsiventral) leaf is composed of the palisade parenchyma on the top and the spongy parenchyma below .

With equifacial leaves, palisade parenchyma is also developed on the underside.

For the tissue structure of the C 4 plants, see there .


  • Bresinsky, Körner , Kadereit, Neuhaus, Sonnewald: Strasburger. Textbook of botany. Spectrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8274-1455-7 .