As newts different, not necessarily more closely related to amphibian species from different families of order salamanders (Caudata or Urodela), respectively. They are similar in that as adults they live in the water at least in phases - for reproduction - and develop fin fringes on the upper and lower sides of the tail.
The word newch goes back to the Old High German mol, mol (l) o , which originally referred to amphibians in general. The unetymological variant with the final -ch can be attested since the 15th century.
Today, only those tailed amphibians that have a fin fringe in their (partial) habitat are called newts. Others with a more terrestrial way of life are often called salamanders . However, some species with a salamander in their name can be systematically closer to other newts than to other salamanders. And many newts also spend part of the year on land; Their tails are no longer flattened laterally, but rounded.
Newt species occurring in German-speaking Central Europe
(A = occurrence in Austria, CH = occurrence in Switzerland, D = occurrence in Germany, B = occurrence in Belgium)
- Mountain Newt (A, CH, D)
- Combed Newt (A, CH, D)
- Alpine crested newt (A, CH, D)
- Danube crested newt (A)
- Thread pig (CH, D, B)
- Pond newt (A, CH, D)
Newts have the ability to regenerate limbs and organs after injury or loss. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute investigated this ability in the greenish water newt .
- Newch in the vocabulary dictionary of the University of Leipzig
- Distinguishing pigs reliably - tips from NABU