Montenegrins ( Montenegrin Црногорци Crnogorci ) are a South Slavic ethnic group whose members mostly speak the Ijekavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian , which is sometimes referred to as the Montenegrin language . Montenegrins live mainly in Montenegro , but also in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia and Serbia . Some see the Montenegrins as an ethnic subgroup of the Serbs .
The Serbian Orthodox Slavs of Montenegro were only declared a nation within Yugoslavia in 1946 ("Montenegrin nation, Serbian people" as the official declaration). Before that, they were considered Serbs and some referred to themselves as Old Serbs . Autochthonous Serbian Orthodox Slavs around the Bay of Kotor were an exception ; the majority of them continued to regard themselves as Serbs. In addition, many Montenegrins always emphasized the Montenegrin peculiarity, which, in their opinion, would distinguish them from the rest of the Serbs, which should ultimately serve as the basis for their own Montenegrin nation.
Eric Hobsbawm described Montenegro and the Montenegrins as follows: The newly created Yugoslavia “also included the formerly independent, small tribal kingdom of Montenegro, a barren mountain landscape populated by shepherds and bandits, whose spontaneous reaction to the initial loss of their independence was that they were en masse to communism converted (whom they assumed would welcome their heroic spirit). "
Religion and culture
Most of the Montenegrins belong to the Serbian Orthodox Church ; others, a minority, of the non-canonical Montenegrin Orthodox Church . In particular, many Serbs consider the Montenegrins to be Serbs because of their common cultural ties, as many Serbian historical personalities come from this area. For example, the ancestors of the Serbian prince Lazar Hrebeljanović and Karađorđes as well as political figures of the 20th century such as Petar II. Petrović-Njegoš , Nikola of Montenegro , Slobodan Milošević , Radovan Karadžić and Željko Ražnatović from Montenegro.
- Daniel Gabrić: Montenegrinicity: Language and Church in the Mirror of the Identity Discourse in the Republic of Montenegro 1990-2007 . Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2010.
- Hösch, Nehring, Sundhaussen (Hrsg.): Lexicon for the history of Southeast Europe. P. 460, ISBN 3-8252-8270-8
- Vuk Stefanović-Karadžić : Montenegro and the Montenegrins: A contribution to the knowledge of European Turkey and the Serbian people . Publishing house of JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Stuttgart and Tübingen 1837.
- O crnogorskom nacionalnom pitanju - Milovan Đilas. Accessed January 1, 2020 .
- Gerhard Herm : The Balkans. The powder keg of Europe . Econ Verlag GmbH, Düsseldorf / Vienna / New York / Moscow, 1993, p. 315, ISBN 978-3-430-14445-2
- Hobsbawm, Eric (1994). The age of extremes. World history of the 20th century. P. 51