The southern Slavs ( Slavic : Yug = south ) are the Slavic peoples living in south-east Europe . They have lived spatially since the 10th century , separated from the West and East Slavs by Germans , Magyars and Romanians .
The following are counted among the southern Slavs today:
- Bosniaks 2
- Gorans 2
- Macedonians (Slavic ethnicity)
- Pomaks 2
- Gate 2
In the late late antiquity , in the 6th century, the Slavs advanced over the lower Danube ( abandoned by the Visigoths in the 5th century ) to Moesia , Thrace , Illyria , Macedonia and the Peloponnese . The church historian John of Ephesus reports of a great Slavic invasion since 581, which for the first time had a permanent settlement as its goal. In fact, the Slavs began to settle in the Balkans soon afterwards, but this almost became an episode due to Maurikios' Balkan campaigns . In the 7th century, most of the Slavs' conquest of the Balkans took place (see also slave lines ), but this did not lead to the complete elimination of the original population. The exact processes of the Slavic “land grab” are the subject of lively scientific discussions, which also include political and national motives. One example is Fallmerayer's outdated thesis , according to which the modern Greeks are exclusively Hellenized Slavs.
From the middle of the 6th century, Slavs also settled in the Eastern Alps . The migration of the Lombards to Italy (568) favored the colonization of large parts of Pannonia by Slavs. Around 600, the Alpine Slavs, ancestors of today's Slovenes , fought against the Bavarians on the Upper Drava and advanced as far as Italy. Its expansion was stopped by a chain of Lombard fortresses (Limes Langobardorum) along the eastern edge of Friuli .
According to the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII , the Croats and Serbs invaded the Danube in the first half of the 7th century and, after the Avars were driven out, settled in Pannonia , Dalmatia and the rest of Illyricum .
In the second half of the 7th century, a part of the Proto- Bulgarians arrived on the eastern Balkan Peninsula and founded the Bulgarian Empire there in 681. The Asiatic cavalry people very quickly mixed with the original Slavic population and formed the present-day Slavic people of the Bulgarians .
At the end of the 7th century, the great western and southern migrations of the Slavs were completed.
- Peter Bartl: South Slaves . In: Konrad Clewing, Holm Sundhaussen (Ed.): Lexicon for the history of Southeast Europe . Böhlau, Vienna et al. 2016, ISBN 978-3-205-78667-2 , p. 917 f .
- Hans Kohn : The world of the Slavs. Vol. 1. The West and South Slavs .
- Heinz Kindermann, Eugen Thurnher, Martin Block, CC Berg: Handbuch der Kulturgeschichte. Dept. 2. Cultures of Nations. The cultures of the Western and Southern Slavs .
- Emil Schieche, Friedrich Repp, Josef Matl: The cultures of the Western and Southern Slavs . ISBN 3-7997-0049-8