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Raizen , Raitzen or Rascier are historical German-language terms that were used until the early 19th century to refer to the Orthodox Serb population of the Habsburg Monarchy . The terms refer to the historical region of Rascia , which is located in today's Serbian Okrug Raška .


Card of 1661, Rascia was between Donau and Save or Danube and Bârzava localized

In the 15th century, Orthodox Slavs who had fled the Ottoman Empire began to settle in the Kingdom of Hungary . Large Raiz communities emerged during the reign of the kings Sigismund , Matthias Corvinus , the imperial administrator János Hunyadi, and above all under King Leopold I in Buda , Pest , Komárom , Esztergom , Szentendre and Arad . During the Turkish War from 1683 to 1699, thousands of Orthodox Slavs fled the Ottoman Empire north. Leopold I allowed the Raizian community to settle and guaranteed religious freedom. The fled Patriarch of Peć , Arsenije III. Črnojević was the first metropolitan in Hungary from 1691 to 1706, with his seat in Szentendre.

Today there are still some Hungarian places whose Hungarian names begin with the prefix Rác and indicate their Raizian past, for example Rácalmás , Ráckeresztúr and Ráckeve . The old German name Raitzenstadt for Novi Sad referred to the Raizen. In what is now the first district of the city of Budapest , the Tabán district was called Raizenstadt by German residents because of its high Slavic proportion . The Viennese suburb of Magdalenengrund used to be called Razenstadl . The family name Rácz also refers to the Raizen. Important personalities of the Raiz population were u. a. Teodor Janković-Mirijevski , Jovan Rajić, born in Karlóca , and Dositej Obradović from Csák .

Individual evidence

  1. Michael W. Weithmann: Balkan Chronicle. 2000 years between Orient and Occident. Pustet, Regensburg 1995, ISBN 3-7917-1447-3 , pp. 179 and 195. Edgar Hösch : History of the Balkan Countries. From the early days to the present. CH Beck, Munich 1988, ISBN 3406-33364-8 , pp. 147 and 148. Martin Schulze Wessel: Nationalization of religion and sacralization of the nation in Eastern Europe. Franz Steiner, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 978-3-515-08665-3 , p. 207 kk Direction of administrative statistics: Ethnography of the Austrian monarchy. III. Tape. kk Hof- u. Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1857, p. 93 History of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Austria
  2. ^ Magdalenengrund (suburb) in the Vienna History Wiki of the City of Vienna
  3. ^ Austrian National Library: ANNO: Die Bühne, year 1937, issue 449, p. 8
  4. Erich Burghardt: Through historical crises. A life between the 19th and 20th centuries. Böhlau, Vienna 1998, ISBN 3-205-98794-2 , p. 24 Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon 1809: Die Raitzen New and complete guide through Pest-Ofen. Hoffmann & Molnár, Pest 1870, p. 29. Anita Rácz: Ethnic groups an settlement names in Hungary . Institute of Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences . Anita Rácz: Szláv népneveink jelentéstörténetéhez . C3 Center for Culture & Communication Budapest.