House Dix Museum
Former home of the Dix family
Stuttgart Art Museum
After the painter Otto Dix lost his chair at the Dresden Art Academy in 1933 , he and his family initially found accommodation in Randegg Castle until 1936 . Thanks to an inheritance, Martha Dix , Otto Dix's wife, was able to purchase a plot of land on a hill on the Untersee on the Höri peninsula in Hemmenhofen in order to build a house there. The house was designed according to plans by the Dresden architect Arnulf Schelcher. In 1936 the family moved into their new domicile opposite the Swiss bank.
Characteristic of the generously designed three-storey house with almost 400 m² of floor space are the studio windows on the east side, the surrounding balcony and numerous windows with a view of the lake . On the ground floor there is the kitchen, dining and living room as well as the music room. The first floor was chosen for Otto Dix's studio and Martha Dix's salon; for the rooms of the children Nelly (1923–1955), Ursus (1927–2002) and Jan Dix (1928–2019) the second floor. Otto Dix lived and worked here until his death in 1969 and increasingly devoted his work to the landscape of Lake Constance. Martha Dix stayed until 1979 before moving to the south of France to live with her granddaughter Bettina until her death in 1985.
Two years before her death, the widow handed the house in Hemmenhofen, which belonged to Martha Dix all her life, and the rights to her husband's estate to the Otto Dix Foundation, which was founded in 1983 and whose partners were her two sons and granddaughter Bettina Dix-Pfefferkorn.
The house and garden were registered in the Baden-Württemberg monuments book in 2005.
Until 2009, the Otto-Dix-Haus e. V. runs the artist museum on a voluntary basis. In 2010 the Otto-Dix-Haus-Stiftung e. V. the house with the property of the granddaughter Bettina Dix-Pfefferkorn.
It was redesigned by the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart and supported by the Otto-Dix-Haus-Stiftung e. V. refurbished in accordance with listed buildings and equipped as a museum. In 2013 the association handed over the house to the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, which owns one of the most important Dix collections. On 15./16. In June 2013 it was reopened as Museum Haus Dix , branch of the Stuttgart Art Museum.
The focus of the permanent exhibition is the family life of the artist family Dix. Paintings and graphics by Otto Dix are shown in annually changing exhibitions. Images on the walls refer to the works that once hung in the house and can now be found in various museums and collections around the world. The cellar of the house can be visited on guided tours, the walls of which were painted by Otto Dix and some of his guests at a carnival festival in 1966. A media guide leads through the individual rooms and provides information on works of art and the family life of the Dix family. An eight hectare garden with terraces and a museum café complete the ensemble.
- Stuttgart Art Museum Foundation (ed.): Museum Haus Dix. A facility of the Stuttgart Art Museum. Stuttgart 2019. (Leaflet as a museum guide.)
- The Museum Haus Dix on the website of the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart
- The Haus Dix museum on the website of the municipality of Gaienhofen
- Patrick Bauer: Werk und Wahn . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin . Munich November 18, 2016 ( online via reporter-forum.de [PDF]).
- Wolfgang Messner: “As if you were a guest at Dixens.” Dix-Villa becomes a museum. In: Stuttgarter Zeitung , June 2, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
- Dorothee Schöpfer: Report on the reopening of the Otto Dix House. In: Stuttgarter Zeitung. June 13, 2013. Accessed May 14, 2020.