Subsequentness in grammar means that the action that is described in a subordinate construction takes place after the action described in the higher-level construction.
In addition to simultaneity and prematurity , the temporality belongs to the temporal relationships (cf. also Consecutio temporum ). Their use in a language depends on the timing of the action.
The action of a clause is considered to be later than the action in the superordinate construction if it
- a corresponding (temporal) conjunction such as before , as , to , before
In the case of postponement, what happened or is taking place last ( timeline ) is placed in the subordinate clause ( protasis ). From the point of view of the plot; if the event or happening in a subordinate clause begins after the event expressed in the main clause ( apodosis ), it is referred to as posteriority.
Ex .: The Wikipedians read ( past tense ) the article again by, before he he saved (also past tense, but the store is by perusing instead!).
Also Präpositionalausdrücke can express posteriority.
Example: Before saving, he read the article through again.
Here, too, limbs can go through
- Subjunctions like priusquam
- Use of a certain tense according to the rules of the Consecutio temporum
be defined as postponed.
Furthermore, the past participle active signaled that the future is timeless.
Example: Morituri te salutant. - Those who are going to die greet you.
In constructions like the AcI or the NcI , the infinitive future tense (which is made up of the PFA and the corresponding form of esse) signals the temporality.
E.g .: Helvetii existimabant se Allobrogibus persuasuros esse ... - The Helvetians believed that they would (will) persuade the Allobrogi ...