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Subsequentness in grammar means that the action that is described in a subordinate construction takes place after the action described in the higher-level construction.

In addition to simultaneity and prematurity , the temporality belongs to the temporal relationships (cf. also Consecutio temporum ). Their use in a language depends on the timing of the action.

German language

The action of a clause is considered to be later than the action in the superordinate construction if it

  • a corresponding (temporal) conjunction such as before , as , to , before


In the case of postponement, what happened or is taking place last ( timeline ) is placed in the subordinate clause ( protasis ). From the point of view of the plot; if the event or happening in a subordinate clause begins after the event expressed in the main clause ( apodosis ), it is referred to as posteriority.

Ex .: The Wikipedians read ( past tense ) the article again by, before he he saved (also past tense, but the store is by perusing instead!).

Also Präpositionalausdrücke can express posteriority.

Example: Before saving, he read the article through again.

Latin language

Here, too, limbs can go through

be defined as postponed.

Furthermore, the past participle active signaled that the future is timeless.

Example: Morituri te salutant. - Those who are going to die greet you.

In constructions like the AcI or the NcI , the infinitive future tense (which is made up of the PFA and the corresponding form of esse) signals the temporality.

E.g .: Helvetii existimabant se Allobrogibus persuasuros esse ... - The Helvetians believed that they would (will) persuade the Allobrogi ...