Päri (language)

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Päri (also: Lokoro)

Spoken in

speaker approx. 28,000 (as of 1987)
Official status
Official language in -
Language codes
ISO 639 -2


Päri (also: Lokoro ) is one of the Luo languages that belong to the West Nilotic languages , which in turn are part of the Nilo-Saharan language family .

It is spoken by around 28,000 people in Sudan (as of 1987).

Linguistic characteristics

The Päri is a language with the rare basic word sequence object-verb-subject (OVS).

It is also noteworthy that this language shows the phenomenon of ergativity , which is extremely rare in African languages . However ergativische constructions in that language independent indikativische sets without constituents - focus limited.

Morphologically , the ergative in Päri is formed with the help of vowel suffixes that are subject to an allomorphism .

Originally, this case in the pair was a marked nominative , which was opposed to an unmarked accusative (actually an absolute ) in transitive sentences .

Sentence forms

ùbúr-Ø á-túuk`
NAME - ABSOLUTE completive -Play
"Ubur played." (Intransitive)
ùbúr-Ø á-pùot dháag-ɛ`
"The woman struck Ubur." (Transitive)

( Complete is a type of action .)


  • Torben Andersen: Ergativity in Päri, a Nilotic OVS language . In: Lingua . Vol. 75, 1988, pp. 289-324.
  • Antonio Simeoni: Päri, a Luo language of Southern Sudan, small grammar and vocabulary . Editrice Missionaria Italiana, Bologna 1978.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. from Andersen (1988), p. 292