Parking search traffic
As parking search traffic or parking search traffic (Engl. Parking search traffic ) is that portion of the total traffic referred to only by searching particular car -Fahrern for available parking spaces created. It occurs primarily in metropolitan areas.
Due to the limited resource traffic area for stationary traffic , especially in large cities, whose population is also constantly increasing, car parking spaces are usually not always available in sufficient numbers a short distance from the destination, especially in residential areas. In addition, the dimensions of cars are growing, but the dimensions of the parking spaces are not. The so-called parking pressure, i.e. the demand for parking spaces, often depends on the location and the time. Parking space management is one means of controlling demand . Cities use parking guidance systems to reduce and direct traffic looking for parking spaces. Similarly, as with cars one being built on or near highways truck -Parksuchverkehr. Due to social regulations, truck drivers have to observe driving and rest times and need appropriate parking spaces, mostly at truck stops or motorway service stations . Here too, demand exceeds supply at certain times.
According to a study in 1997 in Munich's Schwabing district, all searching motorists drove 80,000 km a day to look for a parking space. The traffic researcher Barbara Lenz stated in 2019 that at peak times the traffic looking for a parking space in the city centers amounts to up to a third of the actual traffic. According to a survey by APCOA in 2013, finding a parking space takes an average of 10 minutes and covers 4.5 kilometers. The survey is apparently based on information from motorists. According to a study from 2017, the search time is between 5 and 10 minutes, depending on the city and the parking facility sought (parking garage, street).
Negative consequences of parking search traffic for the general public in areas with high parking pressure are higher exhaust emissions, noise and air pollution . In addition, a long search for a parking space can tempt you to park the vehicle illegally. This can hinder other road users, but also rescue workers. The traffic safety may suffer by foul Parking on the edge of crossings for can. B. viewing triangles are adjusted.
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