Parole is the French name that Ferdinand de Saussure chose for the speech , the individual use of language ( performance in the sense of Noam Chomsky ). The speech act theory of John Langshaw Austin also uses this term.
In Saussure, the opposite term is langue , language - understood as a system - as an embodiment of langage , the human ability to speak. In de Saussure's structuralism, the langue stands for the social, the parole for the individual.
- Example: The expression written here and now "Example:" is a parole , i. H. an individual, concrete, spatio-temporally determined, empirically ascertainable and individual utterance (of a concrete Wikipedia editor) or its concrete product and a realization of the system of the German language (i.e. the langue ) (specifically the use of the lexeme in the German vocabulary Example in connection with ":") in the exercise of human language ability ( langage ).
- Pelz, Linguistik (1996), p. 59