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Paten and chalice , Bremen Cathedral , around 1400

The paten (from ancient Greek πατάνη Patane , latin patina , medium latin patena , Shell ') is a liturgical vessel at the celebration of Eucharist is used. It belongs to the Vasa sacra . The paten is shaped like a flat, round bowl.

In the Roman Catholic Church she lies on the chalice during Holy Mass at the beginning of the preparation of the gifts and carries the great celebration host . When ordaining priests , the chalice and paten are presented as “ liturgical symbols that express the inner meaning of the laying on of hands ”. The paten is mostly made of gold or gold-plated silver and is made to match a goblet. The liturgical provisions stipulate that the chalice and the host bowl in particular should be treated with special reverence and made of precious metal. If they are made of a metal that is less precious than gold, they should always be gold-plated on the inside.

The paten should also in the mouth Communion are held under the chin of that, of the body of Christ receives in order to avoid that particles of submitted communion host lost. There are also special communion godparents with a longer handle for this purpose.

Lord's Supper of the Protestant Church

In Protestant churches during the Lord's Supper service, the bread lies on the paten when it is distributed and is passed from there to the faithful. The person distributing it speaks a donation formula, for example “Christ's body, given for you” or “Bread of Life”.

In the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church and in the Christian Community , the paten lies on the sacrament chalice and carries the hosts and the large show host. In all congregations of the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church, communion on the mouth is common, and it is received by communicants on their knees. The paten is held under the communicant's chin so that no particles of the consecrated host fall on the floor or on the garment. During the distribution, the pastor says: “Take and eat, this is the true body of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, given for you into death.” The distribution of the body of Christ is reserved for the pastor, who allows the sacrament of the altar. Communion helpers are permitted to offer the sacrament chalice.


Communion godfather with handle
  • Mirjam Brandt: The Paten in the High Middle Ages. Theology in the picture - picture in the liturgy (= Görres Society [Hrsg.]: Eikoniká. Artistic contributions . Volume 9). Verlag Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2019, ISBN 978-3-7954-3459-5 .

Individual evidence

  1. Catholic Adult Catechism, Volume I, p. 383 ( Memento of February 7, 2005 in the Internet Archive ).
  2. General introduction to the missile book , AEM, 328-331.
  3. -explanatory sequence of a Lutheran measuring worship .

Web links

Commons : Patens  - collection of images, videos and audio files