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The pirouette (from French pirouette ; to German "to turn in a circle" or "quickly change one's point of view") is a term from the world of dance (for example ballet , figure skating , roller skating ) and describes a centered, single or multiple rotation around your own body axis , usually on one leg. Different positions can be adopted, for example in figure skating as a toe loop or a Biellmann pirouette .


Pirouette during a pas de deux

In ballet, a distinction is made between different types of pirouette:

  • Pirouette en dehors ("outwards"): rotation "away from the standing leg"
  • Pirouette en dedans ("inwards"): turning "towards the supporting leg".

During the rotation, different postures or poses can be assumed, for example arabesque or attitude . The most common pose is the rétiré : the free leg foot is placed on the knee of the standing leg.

Pirouettes in sports

In equestrian sport , pirouette describes a turn of the horse around the hindquarters, i.e. H. around the inner hind leg, see also pirouette (art of riding) .

It also refers to an aerobatic maneuver in which the aircraft is steered to a vertical upward flight while rotating around its longitudinal axis. Here it is also called a screw or a vertical roller .

See also

Wiktionary: Pirouette  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


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  • Robert Greskovic: Ballet 101: A Complete Guide To Learning and Loving The Ballet . Hal Leonard Corporation, Pompton Plains 1998, ISBN 0879103256 .
  • Sabrina Kuffer, Ursula Roth: Ballet: pirouettes, tutu and lace dance . Knowledge is child's play, Regensburg 2007, ISBN 3867510008 .
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