Live reconstruction of Procynosuchus delaharpeae from the Upper Permian of South Africa
|Middle to upper perm|
|270 to 251 million years|
|Broom , 1937|
Procynosuchus ( Greek "pre-dog crocodile") is a genus of original therapsids within the cynodontia . Fossils of this “mammal-like reptile” were found in the Middle and Upper Permian (270 to 251 mya ) in South Africa , Zambia and in the Korbach Column in North Hesse(“Korbacher Dachshund”). The Procynosuchus is sometimes called the "Korbacher Dachshund" because it has very short legs that are reminiscent of a dachshund .
Procynosuchus was about 60 centimeters long and, in contrast to other therapsids, had adaptations to aquatic life, in particular an exceptionally flexible rear body with a laterally flattened tail, which probably allowed swimming similar to that of crocodiles or otters . It is therefore assumed that Procynosuchus, similar to these animals, lived semi-aquatic life and ate fish or other aquatic animals.
- Douglas Palmer: Dinosaurs & Prehistoric Animals - An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Könemann, Cologne 2000. ISBN 3829061137 .
- TSKemp: The Primitive Cynodont Procynosuchus: Structure, Function and Evolution of the Postcranial Skeleton. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, Vol. 288, No. 1027. (Jan. 7, 1980), pp. 217-258.