In religious contexts, prophecy is the proclamation of messages by prophets, inspired by or on behalf of God or a deity. Prophets are people who see themselves called by God or a deity in this service. In the scientific context, the phenomena prophet and prophecy are usually treated under the term prophecy. Prophecy is the generic term for collective oral or written prophecies, usually of an individual. This expression comes from the ancient Greek propheteía ' to pronounce, to state or to speak for someone' ( φηµί phēmí , German for 'I speak' ;pro 'for, out, instead of'). In the context of prophecy, the phenomena promise , prophecy or divination can also be located.
Prophecies occur in many religions in the most varied of contexts, for different occasions and because of different ways of receiving the prophesied message. The ancient oriental cults know various types of oracles , regular surveys at places of sacrifice or before battles, ecstatic exceptional messages, dream visions, media interpreted as prophecy such as animal organs, bird flight, rapture or audition etc. However, classical written prophecy in Judaism hardly knows such forms. Here, as a rule, the calling of a prophet by the God of Israel forms the starting point for word messages that relate to the history of Israel as a whole . Prophecies have been mentioned in Christianity since the early Jerusalem Church . In the period that followed, prophecies became a popular topic in literature.
In the historical sciences , a prophecy is also referred to as a Vatizinium (plural "Vatizinien"; from Latin vates "diviner", "prophet"). In particular, prophecies are called Vaticinium ex eventu in retrospect .
- Self-fulfilling prophecy
- Fortune telling
- Prophecy of the Cree
- Prophecy of the brother Hermann von Lehnin
- Prophecy of Neferti
- Protevangelium (prophecy)
- Oraculum angelicum S. Cyrilli - Cyrillic prophecy
- Imbas forosna
- Jürgen Beyer : Prophecies . In: Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales , Vol. 10, Col. 1419-1432. De Gruyter, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-11-016841-3 .
- Georges Minois : The Story of Prophecies. Oracle, utopias, prognoses . Albatros, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-491-96043-6 .
- Scott Davison: Entry in Edward N. Zalta (Ed.): Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy .
- Christoph Rösel: Promise / Fulfillment . In: WiBiLex, March 2006.
- Klaus Schmeh: Do prophecies that have come true prove that the Bible is the word of God?
- Unfulfilled prophecies ( Biblical criticism website bibelzitate.de)