from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SS-5 Skean.JPEG

General Information
Type Medium-range missile
Local name R-14 Usovaya, 8K65
NATO designation SS-5 Skean
Country of origin Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Soviet Union
Manufacturer Jangel design office
development 1955
Commissioning 1958
Working time 1961-1984
Technical specifications
length 24.30 m
diameter 2,400 mm
Combat weight 86,300 kg
drive Liquid rocket engine
Range 4,500 km
steering INS
Warhead 1 nuclear warhead 1.3 or 2.3 Mt
Weapon platforms Missile silo or launch table
Lists on the subject

The R-14 was a medium-range nuclear ballistic missile ( NATO code name : SS-5 Skean , GRAU index 8K65) of the Cold War era from Soviet production. The liquid-powered missile was developed on the basis of the R-12 from 1958 . In 1960 the rocket went into the test phase. After its commissioning with the Strategic Missile Forces of the Soviet Army , it was mainly stationed on conventional missile launch sites. Only later was a variant suitable for silos developed .

Like its predecessors, the R-14 had a semi-autonomous flight control system with ground-based monitoring of flight data. However, it was the first Soviet missile to be steered using a built-in inertial navigation system; this made the steering more precise, so that at the end of a 4500 km flight the scattering circle radius was reduced to 1.9 km. Their range decreased with the weight of the warhead they carried .

The pattern was later replaced by the RS-16 , RS-18 and RT-21M . The last copies were dismantled due to the INF contract of 1987.

Soviet R-12 and R-14 were stationed in Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 , which posed an imminent threat to US territory with less than ten minutes' warning time.

The R-14 was the basis for the development of the space flight launch vehicle Kosmos-3M .

See also

Web links and sources