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Coordinates: 59 ° 11 '  N , 25 ° 13'  E

Map: Estonia

Ravila (German Meks or Mecks ) is a village ( Estonian alevik ) in the Estonian rural community Kose in Harju County . The village has 430 inhabitants (as of 2000).


Ravila was first mentioned in 1241 under the name Ravelik . In 1343, Ravila was the scene of a bloody battle between the rebellious Estonians and units of the Commander of Kursi during the so-called " uprising on St. George's Night " .

Good Ravila


The manor of Mecks (today: Ravila) was first mentioned in a document in 1469. It belonged one after the other to the noble families von Rosen, von Uexküll and von Detloff before it changed hands to the Zoege von Manteuffel family . Ravila became famous primarily as the center of life of the Baltic German nobleman Peter August Friedrich von Manteuffel (1768–1842). The eccentric count experimented with flying machines and was one of the first authors of popular Estonian literature .

Before the Estonian land reform in 1919 , the estate was owned by Countess Alexandra von Kotzebue (née Pilar von Pilchau). Until the 1930s it remained as a rest yard before an educational establishment moved in in 1932. From 1948 to 1958 the facility was used as an agricultural school. Since then there has been a center for the chronically ill and the disabled on the property.

The original baroque mansion from the mid-18th century, one of the oldest in Harju County, burned down during the Russian Revolution in 1905 . It was rebuilt in a smaller two-storey form around 1910. On the facade, the baroque-like granite staircase and the pointed triangular gable catch the eye. Around the manor house, the 13.5 hectare park extends almost to the Pirita River ( Pirita jõgi ). In its older part there are over 60 dendrological species.

Of the numerous neat outbuildings, the former dairy from the last quarter of the 19th century is particularly worth seeing. It used to be the estate's schnapps distillery.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Indrek Rohtmets: Kultuurilooline Eestimaa. Tallinn 2004 ( ISBN 9985-3-0882-4 ), p. 141
  2. http://www.eestigiid.ee/?SCat=15&CatID=0&ItemID=147