It is one of the largest universities in western Japan and has about 36,000 students and about 700 professors (May 2008).
The spiritual origin of the university was the private school Ritsumeikan ( 私塾 立命 館 , Shijuku Ritsumeikan ), which was founded in 1869 by Saionji Kimmochi ( 西 園 寺 公 望 , 1849-1940). The school name Ritsumei came from Mengzi words: " 殀壽不貳修身以俟之所以立命也 ." (Dt about. Whether you die young or live long is a twist of fate through waiting for death with lifelong self-improvement can you. Be Fulfill fate .) The private school was closed in 1870 on the order of the prefecture administration , because the students were possibly revolutionary against the administration.
The school was "rebuilt" in 1900 as a school for law and political science Kyōto ( 京都 法政 学校 , Kyōto hōsei gakkō ). The founder was Nakagawa Kojūrō ( 中 川 小 十郎 , 1866-1944), Saionji's former secretary. In 1904 it was renamed Shiritsu Kyōto Hōsei Daigaku ( 私立 京都 法政 大学 , German "Private University of Law and Politics Kyōto"). Saionji allowed her to use the school name Ritsumeikan and in 1913 the school was renamed Shiritsu Ritsumeikan Daigaku ( 私立 立命 館 大学 , German: "Private Ritsumeikan College"). In 1922 it gained university status and renamed itself Ritsumeikan University. 1945 after the Pacific War Suekawa Hiroshi ( 末 川博 , 1892–1977) became the president and democratized the university.
- Kinugasa campus (in Kita-ku , Kyōto, ):
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Industrial Social Sciences
- Faculty of Intercultural Studies
- Faculty of Political Science (Japanese 政策 科学 部 , College of Policy Science )
- Faculty of Image Arts (Japanese 映像 学部 , English College of Image Arts and Sciences )
- Biwako Kusatsu Campus (in Kusatsu , Shiga , ):
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Business Administration
- Faculty of Natural and Engineering Sciences
- Faculty of Computer Science, Natural and Engineering Sciences
- Faculty of Life Sciences
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Official website - Japanese and English
- Undergraduates: approx. 33,000, Graduates: approx. 3,200. See: http://www.ritsumei.jp/public-info/pdf/public04_22-25.pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- http://www.ritsumei.jp/public-info/pdf/public04_32-33_000.pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.