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The rubrum (Plur. Rubra or Rubren ) is the brief summary of its content preceding a document, in the simplest case a subject line . A rubrum is used in general to be able to classify the following content correctly at the beginning (in the correct rubric ). In the case of official fee notices or invoices, the legal basis is listed in addition to the subject.


The name is derived from the Latin word "ruber" for "red", as this part of the document (in the judgment of the judgment head) was previously written in red ink.

Legal system

In the case of courts , the legal term rubrum refers to the cover sheet of judgments or legal briefs such as lawsuits or the title / subject under which amounts have been posted to accounts. In procedural law , formal content (such as the addresses of those involved in the process , file numbers and the like) of the following pleading is summarized in the rubrum .

Also in use are the terms active rubrics for the part that describes the plaintiff (the assets) in more detail, and passive rubrums for the more detailed description of the defendant (the passive who is complained about).

Every legal recourse knows the rules of the rubrum in its procedural rules (e.g. § 275 StPO , § 313 Abs. 1 Nr. 1 and 2 ZPO , § 117 VwGO etc.).

In Germany, for example, the rubrum of a judgment begins with the initial formula “ In the name of the people ”. Furthermore, the court, the file number, the panel , the name of the judge (s) with their function, the day of the last oral hearing , the parties, their legal representatives , with name, occupation (or status), place of residence and Procedural position. In criminal proceedings , the defendant , the day the judgment was announced, the defense counsel , the representative of the public prosecutor's office , and the clerk of the registry are named.

The judgment tenor follows the rubrum .

Web links

Wiktionary: Rubrum  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Fichte: Typical mistakes in the public law assessor exam . 2nd Edition. CF Müller, Heidelberg, Munich, Landsberg, Frechen, Hamburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-8114-7054-5 .

See also