William Talbot made his first photograms as early as 1834 . He experimented with different chemicals to capture an image. To do this, he soaked writing paper in saline and silver nitrate solution . This produced light-sensitive silver chlorine . For exposure, he placed objects on the impregnated paper and then exposed it to the sun. So he used the principle of the contact copy .
The objects left stenciled white outlines on the paper, while the rest of the paper turned black. To fix the picture, Talbot used a saline solution again .
He called the resulting photograms photogenic drawings . These are a further development of the process of natural self-printing, which was already known from the Middle Ages (vouched for by Thomas Walgenstein et al.).
At the beginning of the 20th century, the process was rediscovered as a photogram ( Lászlo Moholy-Nagy , El Lissitzky ), schadography ( Christian Schad ) and rayography ( Man Ray ) for artistic photography . Even today, the principle is carried out as a laboratory experiment in the photo laboratory by photo amateurs and some photo artists.
Talbot himself further developed his method of calotype (patent 1841), which was later named "Talbotype" in his honor, and thus created another photographic negative process.
- Klaus Beneke: Thomas Wedgwood (05/14/1771 Etruria (Stafforshire) - 07/10/1805 Eastbury (Dorset)) and John Frederick William Herschel (03/07/1792 Slough near Windsor - 05/11/1871 Hawkhurst / Kent) and on the history of photography, especially the Fixation of the pictures from 1800 to 1850. In: Klaus Beneke: Biographies and scientific résumés of colloid scientists, whose résumés are connected with 1996 (= contributions to the history of colloid sciences. Vol. 8). R. Knof, Nehmten 1999, ISBN 3-934413-01-3 , pp. 60 ff. (PDF; 2.04 MB).