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Three-masted Schebeckentakelung
Johanniter -schebecke with straps ("rowing")

A Schebecke (or Chebeke , from Turkish şebeke with the meaning network , for example railway, telephone network, network , also: (thief, robber) gang ) was in the Mediterranean in the 18th century , mainly from pirates and from the French Navy driven sailing ship .

Schebecken had a hull with a sharp bow and stern protruding far above the water . This resulted in a slim hull shape, which made the ship very fast and attractive for pirates . This type of ship originally comes from the Maghreb . It spread to the Baltic Sea area , where chebbins were also used by Swedes and Russians .

The rigging consisted of two, later also three, inclined masts on which Latin (triangular) sails were guided. From 1750 bowsprit and jib boom and square sails were added to the extended masts . A chebec could also be rowed. The up to 40 m long, 10 m wide and 3 m deep ship was considered to be the much more seaworthy successor to the galley . Schebecken were armed as warships with 20 to 40 twelve-pounder cannons.

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