Liechtenstein Castle (Lower Austria)

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Liechtenstein Castle, today a senior citizens' residence, opposite the castle

The Liechtenstein Castle is an externally largely reconstructed classical palace complex south of Maria Enzersdorf in Lower Austria , which today serves as a retirement home . It is right next to Liechtenstein Castle , the family seat.

Under Prince Johann I von Liechtenstein , Liechtenstein Castle, located south of Liechtenstein Castle, which was still unrestored at the time, was built as a summer residence in 1820-21 . Before that, there was a manor in its place , which was destroyed in 1683 and rebuilt from 1686. In the 19th century, a multi-wing castle was built from the complex. The architect Joseph Kornhäusel and Joseph Franz Engel directed its construction . The front was modeled on Weilburg Castle in Baden .

Liechtenstein Castle (Lower Austria) 360 ° Photo

The castle was listed as a historical monument in 1939 . During the occupation by the Soviets after the Second World War and the subsequent use as a reception camp for Hungarian refugees in 1956, it was badly affected. It was then sold by the Liechtenstein Princely House. In 1961 the eastern side wing and ancillary building were demolished. The lack of a dedication was, as "with large, empty buildings always, a particular problem". When the new dedication as a retirement home was found, the Federal Monuments Office agreed, as an exception, that the side wings could be rebuilt true to the original after they were demolished. This happened from 1977 to 1989. The BDA's view on this question was: “Although historical building stock can never be replaced by copies, there was no other option to preserve the important ensemble that Liechtenstein Castle forms together with the castle and garden, the rest of the castle down to the central building. ”Today the externally reconstructed castle serves as a senior citizens' residence. Theater is played in the basement in summer.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Bundesdenkmalamt (Ed.): Saved - Monuments in Austria - 75 Years of the Monument Protection Act. Vienna 2008, p. 20.
  2. Bundesdenkmalamt (Ed.): Dehio-Handbuch. Page 1307.

Coordinates: 48 ° 5 ′ 31.2 ″  N , 16 ° 16 ′ 19.2 ″  E