Special good

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As a special material which designates literary-critical research on the New Testament those texts of the three Synoptic Gospels , which occur in only one Gospel, are thus without parallel text.

Statistics: AM Honoré , 1968

Special good in the Gospel of Mark

The Markinian special property consists of those texts which, according to the two-source theory, were not adopted from Mt and Lk (4.9% of the text or 549 words). The special goods include:

The healing of a deaf and mute and a blind person is done with the use of saliva . Their omission from Matt and Luke is mostly explained psychologically - as Christologically offensive. It can not be explained with the two-source theory .

Special good in the Gospel of Matthew

The Matthew special property comprises about a fifth of the entire Gospel of Matthew. The special goods include:

Special good in the Gospel of Luke

The Lukan special property comprises about a third of the entire Gospel of Luke; If you also include individual verses that are in the middle of other texts, it is around 45 percent. These include:

  • The promise of the birth of the Baptist ( Lk 1.5–25  EU ), The visit of Mary to Elizabeth ( Lk 1.39–56  EU ), The birth of the Baptist ( Lk 1.57–80  EU )
  • Trip to Bethlehem, based on a census, birth in a stable ( Lk 2.1–8  EU )
  • The story of the shepherds ( Lk 2.9–20  EU )
  • The testimony of Simeon and Hannah about Jesus ( Lk 2,21-40  EU )
  • The twelve year old Jesus in the temple ( Lk 2.41–52  EU )
  • the subject of “tax collectors and sinners” (7.34 EU ; 7.36–50 EU ; 18.9-14 EU ; 19.1–10 EU ; 15.1–2 EU and the the following parables of the prodigal sheep ( Lk 15.4–7  EU ), of the lost penny ( Lk 15.8–10  EU ), of the prodigal son ( Lk 15.11–32  EU ))
  • The parable of the Good Samaritan ( Lk 10.30–35  EU )
  • the episode of the thief on the cross ( Lk 23.39–43  EU )
  • the Emmaus story ( Lk 24 : 13–35  EU )
  • the motive of the despised Samaritans ( Lk 10.29–37  EU ; 17.11–19 EU )
  • but also the special role of women (cf. the notes on Maria Lk 2.19  EU ; 2.34 EU ; 8.1–3 EU etc.)

See also


  1. ^ AM Honoré: A Statistical Study of the Synoptic Problem. Nov. test. 10: 95-147 (1968). Problems with these statistics are discussed in John J. O'Rourke: Some Observations on the Synoptic Problem and the Use of Statistical procedures. In: David E. Orton (Ed.): The Synoptic Problem and Q: Selected Studies from Novum Testamentum. Brill: Leiden 1999, p. 134, ISBN 90-0411342-8 .
  2. Eta Linnemann: Is there a synoptic problem? , VTR, Nuremberg 1999, p. 86.