State Holidays in the United States

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The state holidays in the United States are governed by Section 6103 of Title 5 of the United States Code . These holidays are mostly of a non-religious nature. Many recall events in national history or social issues (veterans, workers, ...). Holidays in the USA are not generally non-working; whether or not to work depends on the terms of the employment contract. Federal government employees and civil servants are free on federal holidays. In the states , those days that the state has designated as a public holiday are non-working days for employees and officials of the respective state. Banks and financial service providers mostly observe the New York Stock Exchange holidays, which are slightly different from the national holidays. Retail and other private employers are in no way bound by these holidays.

The following ten public holidays have been declared public holidays by the federal government. Government offices and offices including post offices are closed on all public holidays. Schools and businesses are closed on major holidays like Independence Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas, but not necessarily on days like Presidents' or Veterans Day.

In 1971, President Richard Nixon moved many public holidays to the following Monday. Five holidays are not always celebrated on a Monday:

  • New Year's Day,
  • Independence Day (on July 4th),
  • Veterans Day (on November 11th),
  • Thanksgiving (on the fourth Thursday of November) and
  • Christmas (December 25th).

If New Year , Independence Day or Christmas fall on a Sunday, the following day is also a public holiday. If one of these days falls on a Saturday, the day before becomes a public holiday.

National regulations

Whether and when general public holidays are also celebrated in the individual states depends on the legislation of the state concerned. The dates of this and other holidays are determined by the state government, not the US federal government in Washington . For example, each state may choose the same date set by the president; however, a state can put a public holiday on a day that is of special importance to it or decide not to celebrate it at all. However, most states choose the date on which the holiday is celebrated in the rest of the country.

There are also other public or official holidays, but they are only celebrated in a specific state or region. Closing of offices and shops varies here, and whether the days are off depends not only on local customs, but also and above all on the employer.

Individual evidence

  1. a b 5 US Code § 6103 - Holidays. Retrieved on December 17, 2017 (legal text).