Standard care plan
In professional nursing, a standard nursing plan describes the typical nursing interventions for certain nursing problems and nursing diagnoses or in special nursing for certain medical diagnoses . Standard care plans are based on the care process and describe not just individual measures, but entire packages of measures. The standard care plan must be individualized for each person being cared for and stored in the care documentation .
Standard care plans are used to increase the quality of care, to facilitate the familiarization of new employees and students, to make care planning easier, to standardize care activities and to simplify documentation, especially in the case of IT-supported documentation systems.
The standard care plans are often developed by nursing practitioners or in individual nursing facilities, but should in any case be based on nursing science principles and on expert consensus, such as expert standards .
- A standard care plan facilitates routine work for the nursing staff, increases personal security when carrying out care, increases solidarity through easy communication of the practical principles of nursing and increases job satisfaction, because the work done can also be made accessible to other professional groups in a simple representation using the standard care plan.
- The standard care plan increases safety for those being cared for, because in comparable situations the reaction is always the same, the rehabilitation of the cared for is promoted, since rehabilitative approaches are included in almost every standard care plan and coping with the respective psychosocial situation is made easier, as always for coping the component of nursing support is determined.
The standards have been heavily criticized by some nursing scientists, for example Sabine Bartholomeyczik and Angelika Zegelin and Claus Bölicke . In particular, the focus on self-evident and fundamental topics, primarily on the nursing process and not on the result-oriented orientation of the standards, a lack of technical language level and a lack of current nursing knowledge as well as the unreflected adoption of traditional knowledge were criticized. In addition, the criticism raised the question of whether an attempt to define a standard that is both special and generally applicable must contain a logical error.
- Adelheid v. Stösser: Care standards: Renewing care by changing the standards , Springer, 1993, ISBN 978-3-662-09254-5 p. 70 ff
- Sabine Bartholomeyczik: Care standards viewed critically , in: Die Sister / Der Pfleger, Issue 10, year 1995, pages 88-92
- Sabine Bartholomeyczik: It's not about the color of the washcloth. Standards in Nursing , in: Dr. med. Mabuse, issue 154, year 2005, pages 20-23
- Angelika Zegelin and Andreas Gerlach: Thromboseprophylaxe, Part I, II and III In: Pflege aktuell , issue 12, year 1995 and issue 1, year 1996
- Claus Bölicke: Definitions of standards, guidelines, and standard care plans . In: Pflege Aktuell, issue 2, year 2001, pages 96–99