Voiced postalveolar affricates

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The term voiced postalveolar affricates is used in phonetics and generally in linguistics to denote the affricate [dʒ]. Its first component [d] is formed on the alveoli , the dental dam , the second [ʒ] a little behind the dental dam, hence the name postalveolar . The combination [dʒ] becomes voiced; H. produced with vibration of the vocal cords . In contrast to this, the affricate [t in] in mud is formed voiceless. In phonetics, the question of whether affricates are just one sound or a combination of sounds is answered differently depending on the theoretical background.

In English, which appears voiced affricate postalveolar the initial sound of the word jungle and medially from the loggia . The voiced postalveolar affricate does not appear in all word positions in German. It is reproduced in writing with the letter combination dsch ; For words with a very clear foreign character, other spellings are also used (cf. Loggia ).


  • Hadumod Bußmann : Lexicon of Linguistics. 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-520-45203-0 . Keyword "Affricate".
  • Duden. Pronunciation dictionary. 6th, revised and updated edition. Edited by Max Mangold in collaboration with the Duden editorial team. Dudenverlag, Mannheim / Leipzig / Vienna / Zurich 2005. ISBN 3-411-04066-1 . Affricates in German: p. 52
  • Helmut Glück (Ed.), With the collaboration of Friederike Schmöe : Metzler Lexikon Sprache. 3rd, revised edition. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2005, ISBN 3-476-02056-8 (keyword "Affrikate").
  • Heikki J. Hakkarainen: Phonetics of German . Fink, Munich 1995. ISBN 3-7705-3040-3 . On the affricade problem: pp. 84–86
  • Otmar Werner: Phonemics of German. Metzler, Stuttgart 1972. ISBN 3-476-10108-8 . Cape. "The Affricate Problem" pp. 50-55.