Serenade for Strings (Tchaikovsky)
The Serenade for Strings Tchaikovsky has four movements:
- Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
- Valse: Moderato - Tempo di valse
- Élégie: Larghetto elegiaco
- Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
With the first movement, Tchaikovsky wanted to imitate Mozart's style, which himself had composed many serenades and was therefore regarded as a model: The movement is written in the form of a classical sonatina with a slow introduction. The 36-bar introduction, Andante non troppo , is headed with the instruction semper marcatissimo and littered with double stops in the violins and violas that lead to dense chord structures. The beginning of the serenade is repeated in the last part of the movement and reappears (in a transformed form) in the final part of the fourth movement. This is how the whole thing is held together.
On the second sheet of music the composer wrote: “The bigger the string orchestra , the better! This corresponds exactly to my intentions. "There is a further note on the original score:" The more numerous the string orchestra, the more it will meet the wishes of the composer. "(IMSLP380582-PMLP04623-SerenadeOp48jur)
The second movement, a waltz, has become very popular and has "become independent".
- Music became the basis of a ballet by George Balanchine , the Serenade , in 1934 .
- The waltz in the second movement, arranged for soprano and orchestra, was used in the 1945 MGM film Anchors Aweigh , performed by Kathryn Grayson, with José Iturbial's conductor of the MGM studio orchestra.
- Excerpts from the music were used in 2005 in the ballet Anna Karenina choreographed by Boris Eifman , based on the novel of the same name by Leo Tolstoy .