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Stremma ( ancient Greek στρέμμα ), also Stremme, in the plural Stremmen is a Greek measure of area that roughly corresponds to a dunam . The Greek word originally referred to "the twisted", derived from a thread or a rope. The use of the word for a unit of area is explained by the fact that a square area measured with a measuring rope ( Stremma ) is meant, the length of which corresponds to a plethron . In contrast, the official name for the same area in Byzantine times, Modios ( ancient Greek μόδιος ), is derived from the measure of capacity Modios (see Scheffel ) - as the area that could be sown with a Modios wheat.

The modern Greek or "royal Stremma" covers 1000 square meters , or  0.1  hectares . The medieval moreotic Stremma corresponded to 1270 m², but also the smaller "Turkish Stremma" (= Dunam) with 919 m² goes back to Byzantine area dimensions.


  • Johann Christian Nelkenbrecher : JC Nelkenbrecher's general pocket book of coin, measure and weight, exchange, money and fund rates, etc. together with an alphabetical list of the stock corporations. Georg Reimer, Berlin 1858, p. 36.
  • Erich Schilbach, Byzantine Metrology, Munich 1970.

Individual evidence

  1. Johann Christian August Heyse: General German and explanatory foreign dictionary: With designation of the pronunciation and emphasis of the words and precise indication of their origin and education. Hahnsche Hofbuchhandlung Verlag, Hanover 1844, p. 742.
  2. Schilbach, Byzantinische Metrologie, p. 66. The plethron is also used as a measure of length and area.
  3. Schilbach, Byzantinische Metrologie, pp. 56–59.
  4. Schilbach, Byzantinische Metrologie, pp. 66–67.
  5. ^ VL Ménage, review by Speros Vryonis, Jr. The decline of medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the process of islamization from the eleventh through the fifteenth century, Berkeley 1971; in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London) 36 (1973), pp. 659-661, here p. 661.
  6. Otto Spamer: Illustrirtes Handels-Lexikon: Practical help and reference book about all objects and relationships of trade and world traffic. Volume 2, 1878, p. 667. (Reprint: Springer-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-66235-153-6 ).