from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Talysh women from Azerbaijan
Talysh family in front of a typical dwelling (photo taken before 1933)

The Talysh are an Iranian- speaking ethnic group in the Caucasus who live on the border between Azerbaijan and Iran .

Number and distribution

In Azerbaijan, the Talys live in the Lənkəran region and in Iran in the provinces of Ardabil and Gilan . Culturally they are close to both the people of Dagestan and Azerbaijan. There are no clear population statistics about the Talysh. According to an Azerbaijani census, 80,000 Talysh live in Azerbaijan.

According to the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) , around 1,500,000–2,000,000 Talyschen live around the world, around 500,000–750,000 of them in Iran and 500,000–800,000 in Azerbaijan.


The Talys call themselves Tolishon and speak the north-west Iranian language Talish . Most Talysh are bi- or trilingual and speak Azerbaijani , Russian or Persian in addition to Talish .


In 1993, the Autonomous Talysh Mugan Republic , which supported the former President Ayaz Mütallibov , was proclaimed in southeastern Azerbaijan . However, it was soon smashed again.


The Talysh are members of the Organization of Unrepresented Nations and Peoples .

Web links

Commons : Talysh people  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) - Background and Present Situation of the Talysh
  2. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) - Iran (PDF; 4.3 MB)
  3. http://unpo.org/members/17338