Tešan Podrugović

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Tešan Podrugović , actually Tešan Gavrilović, (* 1775 in Kazanci near Gacko in Herzegovina, Ottoman Empire, † 1815), was a Serbian Hajduk, illiterate poet of oral poetry and Guslar . He took part in the first and second Serbian uprisings during the Serbian Revolution and, along with Filip Višnjić and the "Blinden Živana", Vuk Stefanović Karadžić's most important source for his second edition of the Serbo-Croatian heroic songs Narodna serbska pjesnarica (Vienna, 1815), which also includes his was the first, which was created with the help of Guslaren. Vuk described Tešan Podrugović as his best epics, who although he could play the gusle well, only recited them. The epic figure of Kraljević Marko owes parts of the striking, often comical traits of Podrugović's poetry. 22 epics in Vuk Karadžić Serbian folk songs come from the notation of Podrugovićs, who, according to Karadžić, had to master a repertoire of at least 100 epics, but could no longer write them down, since Podrugović returned shortly after the outbreak of the Second Serbian Uprising went to Serbia and fell there.


Podrugović's family came from the village of Kazanci near Gacko in Herzegovina. He was born as Tešan Gavrilović, because he was particularly tall, he got the name Podrugović (from po drugog čoveka - German as tall as a man and a half). At first he made his living as a trader and traveled a lot. As a young man he was already characterized by great courage and strength. When everyone in the house fled when a group of Turks tried to rape a woman in the family, he killed one and drove the others away. He then had to flee and lived as a Haiduke at the age of twenty-five. After the Serbian uprising broke out in 1804, it crossed the Drina and came to Serbia. In 1813, after the Serbian uprising was suppressed, he fled across the Sava to the Austro-Hungarian region of Syrmia and spent a long time in the Šišatovac monastery, where, like Filip Višnjić, he appropriated church legends for inclusion in the heroic poetry of oral poetry. In 1815, again following the call to fight for freedom, he was ultimately killed after a skirmish.


The first singer that Vuk Karadžić heard for the first time as an adult was Tešan Podrugović, whom he met through Obrad, Lukijan Mušicki's cousin shortly before Easter 1815, a week after the start of the Second Serbian Uprising and Miloš Obrenović. Vuk found it difficult to stop him from running over to the insurgents right away, but Tešan soon joined them. In the summer he left the army, killed an Ottoman Bey and became a Haiduken again in Bosnia. In an inn there was an argument with Turks who seriously injured him and he died shortly afterwards of the injuries. Tešan's songs, as well as those of the other singers in Vuk's second edition of Serbian Folk Songs, were presented by Jernej Kopitar to Jakob Grimm, who was on a diplomatic mission in 1815. Vuk became acquainted with Goethe through Grimm, which marked the beginning of the German and European reception of the South Slavic epic.

  • Marko Kraljević recognizes his father's sword
  • The wedding of Marko Kraljević
  • Marko Kraljević and the daughter of the Arab king
  • Marko Kraljević and Musa Kesedžija
  • Marko Kraljević and Đemo from the mountain
  • Marko Kraljević and Lutica Bogdan
  • Tsar Lazar and Tsarina Milica (Car Lazar i Carica Milica)

Individual evidence

  1. Milne Holton & Vasa D. Mihailovich 1997: Songs of the Serbian People . University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh. ISBN 0-8229-3952-5 , p. 4
  2. ^ Svetozar Koljević: The Epic in the Making . Clarendon Press, Oxford 1980, ISBN 0-19-815759-2 , pp. 311-313.
  3. ^ Svetozar Koljević: The Epic in the Making . Clarendon Press, Oxford 1980, ISBN 0-19-815759-2 , p. 311.
  4. ^ Svetozar Koljević: The Epic in the Making . Clarendon Press, Oxford 1980, ISBN 0-19-815759-2 , p. 311.
  5. Marie Louise Lord (ed.); Albert Bates Lord: The Singer resumes the Tale . Cornell University Press, Ithaca / London 1995, ISBN 0-8014-3103-4 , p. 199.