The Cambridge Ancient History

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The Cambridge Ancient History (CAH) is a major collection of ancient history manuals published by Cambridge University Press .

The series emerged in connection with the plan developed by Cambridge University Press and Lord Acton at the end of the 19th century for a cooperative historiography with an international focus, from which the Cambridge Modern History (1902 to 1911, started by Acton) and the Cambridge Medieval History (1911-1936, edited by Bury).

A second, completely redesigned edition appeared from the 1970s to 2005.

First edition

The first edition comprised twelve text and five plate volumes and was edited by John Bagnell Bury , among others ; this edition appeared from 1924 to 1939. Other editors were SA Cook, Frank E. Adcock , MP Charlesworth and NH Baynes. Originally only 8 volumes were planned. The authors were predominantly British in the first volumes, from volume 6 the international participation was greater.

  • Vol. 1: Egypt and Babylonia to 1580 BC 1st edition 1923.
  • Vol. 2: The Egyptian and Hittite Empires to c. 1000 BC 1st edition 1924.
  • Vol. 3: The Assyrian Empire. 1st edition 1926.
  • Vol. 4: The Persian Empire and the West. 1st edition 1926.
  • Vol. 5: Athens. 478-401 BC 1st edition 1927.
  • Vol. 6: Macedon. 401-301 BC 1st edition 1927.
  • Vol. 7: The Hellenistic monarchies and the rise of Rome. 1st edition 1928.
  • Vol. 8: Rome and the Mediterranean. 218–133 BC 1st edition 1930.
  • Vol. 9: The Roman Republic. 133-44 BC 1st edition 1932.
  • Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire. 44 BC – AC 70, 1st edition 1934 (ND 1952).
  • Vol. 11: The imperial peace. AD 70-192. 1st edition 1936.
  • Vol. 12: The imperial crisis and recovery. AD 193-324. 1st edition 1939.

Second edition


The second edition comprises 14 volumes (partly in partial volumes). It was completely redesigned and appeared since the 1970s; however, the old edition of the CAH is still partly useful.

Thematically the entire antiquity - and not just the "classical antiquity " - up to the end of late antiquity is covered. Due to the greatly increased interest in research in the period between Diocletian and Mohammed , late antiquity received special attention in the second edition; the new edition ends - based on the magnum opus "The Later Roman Empire" by AHM Jones - in 602 with the death of Maurikios or Herakleios . In the old edition, the CAH ended with the sole rule of Constantine the Great in 324, with the subsequent period being dealt with in the old edition of the Cambridge Medieval History .

Each volume consists of essays by several authors; the structure is thus the same as with the other Cambridge - History (manuals New Cambridge Medieval History , etc. Modern History, History of Iran History of China). The authors come not only from the English-speaking world (USA, England, Australia etc.), but also, for example, from Germany, France, Italy and Israel, which, however, sometimes affects the homogeneity.

The CAH not only deals with the history of events - this actually does not play a major role - but rather the entire spectrum of modern history (such as culture, mentality, ideas, military, social and economic history). Each volume includes the current state of research at the time of printing and provides references to sources and further literature. However, the first volumes of the second edition appeared in the 1970s, the last volume (volume 12) not until 2005, so that the volumes reflect the respective state of research differently.

Nevertheless, the value of the CAH is undisputed. In the German-speaking area there is no corresponding equivalent and in everyday university life the CAH is often used as an overview.


  • Vol. 1, part 1: Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards , Cyril J. Gadd, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): Prolegomena and Prehistory . 3rd edition 1970.
  • Vol. 1, Part 2: Iorwerth Eiddon Edwards, Cyril J. Gadd, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): Early History of the Middle East . 3rd edition 1970.
  • Vol. 2, Part 1: Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, Cyril J. Gadd, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): The Middle East and the Aegean Region. c.1800-1380 BC . 3rd edition 1973.
  • Vol. 2, Part 2: Iorwert Eiddon Stephen Edwards, Cyril J. Gadd, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): The Middle East and the Aegean Region. c.1380-1000 BC . 3rd edition 1975.
  • Vol. 3, Part 1: John Boardman , Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World. Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC . 2nd edition 1982.
  • Vol. 3, Part 2: John Boardman, Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, Edmond Sollberger (Ed.): The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East. From the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC . 2nd edition 1992.
  • Vol. 3, Part 3: John Boardman, Nicholas G. Hammond (Eds.): The Expansion of the Greek World. Eighth to Sixth Centuries BC . 2nd edition 1982.
  • Vol. 4: John Boardman, Nicholas G. Hammond, David M. Lewis (Eds.): Greece and the Western Mediterranean. c. 525 to 479 BC . 2nd edition 1988.
  • Vol. 5: David M. Lewis, John Boardman, John K. Davies (Eds.): The Fifth Century BC . 2nd edition 1992.
  • Vol. 6: David M. Lewis, John Boardman, Simon Hornblower (Eds.): The Fourth Century BC . 2nd edition 1994.
  • Vol. 7, Part 1: Frank W. Walbank , Alan E. Astin, Marten W. Frederiksen (Eds.): The Hellenistic World . 2nd edition 1984.
  • Vol. 7, part 2: Frank W. Walbank, Alan E. Astin, Marten W. Frederiksen (Eds.): The Rise of Rome to 220 BC . 2nd edition 1990.
  • Vol. 8: Alan E. Astin, Frank W. Walbank, Marten W. Frederiksen (Eds.): Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 BC . 2nd edition 1989.
  • Vol. 9: John Anthony Crook , Andrew Lintott , Elizabeth Rawson (Eds.): The Last Age of the Roman Republic. 146-43 BC . 2nd edition 1994.
  • Vol. 10: Alan K. Bowman , Edward Champlin , Andrew Lintott (Eds.): The Augustan Empire. 43 BC – AD 69 . 2nd edition 1996.
  • Vol. 11: Alan K. Bowman, Peter Garnsey, Dominic Rathbone (eds.): The High Empire. AD 70-192 . 2000.
  • Vol. 12: Alan K. Bowman, Averil Cameron , Peter Garnsey (Eds.): The Crisis of Empire. AD 193-337 . 2005.
  • Vol. 13: Averil Cameron, Peter Garnsey (Eds.): The Late Empire. AD 337-425 . 1997.
  • Vol. 14: Averil Cameron, Bryan Ward-Perkins , Michael Whitby (Eds.): Late Antiquity. Empire and Successors. AD 425-600 . 2000.

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