Thomas Wortley

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Sir Thomas Wortley of Wortley Hall , (around 1430; † 1514 ), was an English knight .


Sir Thomas Wortley was a son of Nicholas Wortley († 1492) and Isabel Tunstall.

For many decades he was a significant and influential knight who held the position as Knight of the Kings Body under four monarchs, Edward IV , Richard III. , Henry VII and Henry VIII . Sir Thomas was trusted by all kings and was appointed Sheriff of Staffordshire (1483) and Sheriff of Yorkshire (1490 and 1502). Over the years he has received numerous properties and offices, such as Steward of Hallamshire (Yorkshire), Steward of Midlane Castle , Steward of Kimberworth , Constable of Stafford Castle , Steward and Master of the Game of all Chases, Forests, Woods, Parks within Staffordshire , Steward of Scarsdale , Steward of the Tower of Chesterfield , Steward of the Estates of Fountains Abbey , Steward of the Estates of Monk Bretton Priory and Steward of Pontefract Castle .

Wortley fought under Richard, Duke of Gloucester in Scotland in 1482, and received the knighthood there on August 22nd as a Knight Bachelor .

Sir Thomas was a keen hunter and an excellent archer. He built a deer enclosure not far from Wortley Hall and a hunting lodge at Wharncliffe Crags (1510). He also bred hunting dogs so successfully that he was even asked by the Scottish king to sell him some of his dogs.

Wortley actively supported Robert Harrington , with whom he was related by marriage, in his struggle for the Harrington inheritance.

Sir Thomas was at Richard III's coronation ceremony. and Queen Anne Neville were present and in 1484 was entrusted with various tasks as Justice of Array . As Commissioner was Wortley commissioned the possessions of Richard Haute of Ightham seize the a stalwart Elizabeth Woodville was. Together with James Tyrell, Sir Thomas was appointed lieutenant in three fortresses near Calais .

Under Henry VII, Sir Thomas was commissioned as Commissioner in 1486 together with Richard Tunstall to confiscate the estates of James and Robert Harrington, who both fought against Heinrich and had been given a Bill of Attainder .

In 1497 Thomas Wortley fought for Henry VII in Scotland and was defeated there by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey to the Knight Banneret .

Sir Thomas Wortley died in 1514.

Marriage and offspring

Sir Thomas was married three times. The marriage with Joan Balderston, widow of John Pilkington , was divorced and was childless.

With Elizabeth FitzWilliam, daughter of Richard FitzWilliam, Sir Thomas had a son

  • Thomas Wortley ∞ Margaret, daughter of Sir John Savile

Sir Thomas had four children with Catherine FitzWilliam, daughter of Sir William FitzWilliam

  • Nicholas
  • Isabel ⚭ John Talbot
  • Mary
  • Maud

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o John Burke, Bernard Burke: A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland. Volume II, John R. Smith, London 1844, p. 582.
  2. Surtees Society: Testamenta Eboracensia. Volume IV, Andrew + Co, Durham 1869, p. 76.
  3. ^ Bernard Burke: The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Harrison & Sons, London 1844, p. 1137.
  4. ^ A b c d e Towton Battlefield Society
  5. a b c d e A Catalog of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts. Volume I, Dryden Leach, London 1759, pp. 49, 54.
  6. PM Kendall: Richard III. Read Books, 2013, ISBN 978-1-4474-9547-5 .
  7. ^ Thomas Allen: A New and Complete History of the County of York. Volume V, LT Hinton, London 1831, p. 36.
  8. ^ A b c Arthur Collins: The Baronettage of England. Volume I, W. Taylor, London 1720, p. 210.
  9. ^ Thomas Stapleton, Camden Society: Plumpton Correspondance: A Series of Letters. John Bowyer, Nichols & Sons, London 1839, S. CIX.
  10. a b c d e f David Hey: A History of Peak District Moors. Wharbcliffe 2014, ISBN 978-1-4738-3196-4 , pp. 55, 109.
  11. a b c d e Rosemary Horrox: Richard III: A Study in Service. Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-521-40726-5 , pp. 12, 60, 100, 184, 185, 256, 291.
  12. ^ A b William A. Shaw: The Knights of England. Genealogical Publishing, 1971, ISBN 0-8063-0443-X , pp. 20, 31.
  13. a b David Hipshon: Richard III. and the Death of Chivalry. The History Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7524-6915-7 , pp. 132, 133.
  14. ^ Caroline Halsted: Richard III as Duke of Gloucester and King. Carey & Hart, Philadelphia 1844, p. 451.
  15. Sheila Sweetinburgh: Later Medieval Kent from 1220 to 1540. Boydell & Brewer, 2010, ISBN 978-0-85115-584-5 , p. 260.
  16. ^ Anthony Goodman: The Wars of the Roses: Military Activity and English Society 1452-1497. Taylor & Francis, 1990, ISBN 0-415-05264-5 , p. 92.
  17. James Drake: Historias Anglo-Scotia. John Hartley, London 1703, p. 265.
  18. ^ A b c Douglas Richardson: Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colinial and Medieval Families. 2nd Edition. Douglas Richardson, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4610-4520-5 , pp. 34, 480, 485.
  19. ^ Egerton Brydges: Collin's Peerage of England. Volume IV, J. Rivington, London 1812, p. 384.
  20. ^ A b c Mervyn Archdall: The Peerage of Ireland. Volume II, James Moore, Dublin 1784, p. 167.