Tyrolean gray cheese
Tiroler Graukäse is a sour milk cheese from Tyrol . It tastes spicy and sour and becomes hotter with increasing maturity. The gray cheese is made with a fat content of at most 2% F. i. T. very low in fat. It has a thin, cracked bark, which usually has a greenish-gray noble mold lawn. The cheese dough is whitish-yellow to greasy and dry. It comes in the form of loaves , breads, slices or sticks and weighs between 200 grams and 4 kilograms. It is used, for example, in Tyrolean cheese dumplings , Zillertaler Krapfen or marinated with vinegar, oil, onions and spices (sour gray cheese). It goes well with dark bread or is eaten with butter in a ratio of 1: 1.
The gray cheese is made from mostly lean cow's milk from silage-free feed. The curdling is done with lactic acid bacteria and causes both without Lab a curd . This quark is filled into molds and is ready for use after at least ten weeks of aging in the cellar.
Gray cheese used to be a poor man's meal , because skimmed milk was usually in abundance in the Alpine region after the cream had been skimmed off . The cheese curd was often ripened right next to the wood oven, so that a tasty gray cheese could quickly be made.
As a traditional food, gray cheese is protected by a European designation of origin . The name “Tiroler Graukäse” must not be translated into any other language and must be affixed to the label in legible and indelible letters and clearly stand out from any other inscription. The indication "protected designation of origin" or the abbreviation "PDO" must follow immediately.
Gray cheese from Styria is also popularly called Murtaler or Murbodner Steirerkas , but this name is not protected. The Murtaler Steirerkas should not be confused with the Ennstaler Steirerkas , a crumbly sour milk cheese with mold and 0.5% fat.
- Reinhard Steger, Karl Volgger: Enjoy South Tyrolean gray cheese . Athesia Verlag, 2008, ISBN 978-88-8266-432-9 .
- Helmuth Schönauer : Graukas . Poems, Baden near Vienna 1997, ISBN 3850982343 .
- Tyrolean gray cheese PDO . Entry no. 4 in the register of traditional foods of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism .
- Protected designations of origin (PDO) in Austria ( Memento of the original from September 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.