# topology

**Topology** ( ancient Greek τόπος tópos , German 'place' and logic ) denotes:

Natural Sciences:

- Topology (geography) , the positional relationships between spatial objects
- Topology (mathematics) , branch of mathematics
- the structure of a mathematical space, see topological space
- In physics, topological properties play a central role for topological insulators and topological quantum field theories
- Chemical topology, see topological isomerism , the topologically different spatial arrangement of the substructures of macromolecules , for example in nodes
- In the taxonomy (biology) a certain arrangement of the taxa in a phylogenetic tree, see cladistics §Topology .
- a traffic-related organizational principle of spatial planning, see system of central places

Technology:

- Topology (electronics) , the theoretical structure of a circuit
- Topology (computer network) , the structure of the connections in a computer network
- the arrangement of neurons in an artificial neural network
- a favorable basic design for mechanically stressed machine parts, see topology optimization

Humanities:

- Topology (philosophy) , the philosophical theory of the place or field
- a way of representing the grammatical structure of sentences, see field model of the German sentence
- the teaching of Kurt Lewin (1890–1947) as a variant of the Gestalt theory, see field theory (psychology)

**See also:**

**Wiktionary: topology**- explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

**Wiktionary: topologie**- explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

- Topos (disambiguation)
- Topic (disambiguation)
- Topography (disambiguation)
- Topological descriptor (topological index), numerical value derived from the structure of a chemical molecule