Fold-out steps on vehicles are used to facilitate entry, especially for people with limited mobility .
On motor vehicles
When adapting motor vehicles for physically handicapped people , additional tread surfaces can be retrofitted in order, for example, to provide access for small people . The mostly narrow treads consist of steel or aluminum sheets with a pronounced, non-slip profile . As a rule, steps are used for the slightly higher entrances of buses and minivans , but installation in smaller vehicles is also possible. For cases in which a single step is not sufficient, there are also double steps.
The retrofitted steps can be folded out by hand or moved in and out under the vehicle floor with an electric drive.
Standards and guidelines
- Directive 2001/85 / EC on “Special regulations for vehicles for the transport of passengers with more than eight seats”, Sections 7.6.10 - Foldable steps and 7.7.7 - Steps
- DIN 75078-1 (2010-04) "Motor vehicles for the transport of people with restricted mobility" recommends under Section 5.5. Entry aids, 5.5.2. Step: "The step to the passenger compartment must be 200 mm in the unloaded condition of the vehicle." The tolerance values indicated are +50 mm and −20 mm upwards and downwards.
- DIN 27203-8 (2004-10) defines in part 8 "Movable steps" requirements for steps in railway vehicles .
- DIN 83227 (2002-08) defines steps for stairs on ships .