from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Tsūshōgō ( Japanese 通 称号 , Tsūshōgō , dt. "Rufcode") was a military code name for units of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Pacific War .

Compilation of the Tsūshōgō

In the 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army began to give its units cover names. This consisted of the Heidan Mojifu ( 兵 団 文 字符 , " corps sign") and the Tsūshō-Bangō ( 通称 番号 , "phone number code "). Both together formed the Tsūshōgō .

Heidan Mojifu

Heidan Mojifu aliases were written in Kanji , the Japanese name for Chinese characters . They were only given to armies , divisions , independent brigades or army and ship units. All units within a division used the Heidan mojifu of their division. Units that were not part of a division used the Heidan Mojifu of their parent unit. The Heidan Mojifu was permanently assigned and did not change during the existence of a unit. Was a subordinate unit, e.g. B. a regiment of a division, assigned to another division, the regiment took over the code name of the new division. Another example is the installation of an independent transport unit of the 18th Army , as Heidan-Mojifu MO ( Jap. had 'fury'), to the 15th Army . The Heidan Mojifu of the 15th Army was Hayashi ( Japanese , ' Hain '), who from then on became the Heidan Mojifu of the independent transport unit.

Examples of Heidan Mojifu aliases: Castle ( 5th Army ), Descendant ( 33rd Army ), Jade ( 1st Division ), Cedar ( 8th Division ), Fest ( 15th Division ), Swamp ( 38th Division ), Attack ( 2nd Panzer Division ), 1RD ( Dai-1 Teishin Shūdan [1st Air Storm Division]).


As soon as a unit left the Japanese mainland, it was given a tsūshō-bangō, a number code. This consisted of four or five Arabic numerals . In the course of the Second World War , the divisions that were intended for home defense received a Tsūshō-Bangō. A number code was z. B. Divisions, regiments, signal and medical units, field hospitals, independent battalions , companies and even trains . The number code was usually assigned permanently.

A problem with numbering occurred with units stationed in Manchuria . Some of the troops had three- and four-digit number codes, which suggests that the Tsūshō-Bangō was introduced in Manchuria. Initially, only two or three-digit number codes were used there. Most of the units had an M as part of the Tsūshō-Bangō , which stood for Manchuria . As soon as a unit was relocated from Manchuria, its number code, provided it only had two or three digits, was changed to the four or five-digit system.

Another problem was that older units like the 10th division had jumbled numbering, as the following example shows:

Troop designation Tsusho-bango
10th division 5425
10th Infantry Regiment 409
39th Infantry Regiment 646
63rd Infantry Regiment 679
10th Reconnaissance Regiment 430
10th Field Artillery Regiment 330
10th Engineer Regiment 998
10. Signal unit 6100
10th Transport Regiment 124

For units set up later, an almost continuous numbering was chosen as the following example of the 33rd division shows:

Troop designation Tsusho-bango
33rd Division 6820
216th Infantry Regiment 6842
217th Infantry Regiment 6843
218th Infantry Regiment 6844
33rd Reconnaissance Regiment 6845
33rd Field Artillery Regiment 6846
33rd Engineer Regiment 6847
33. Signal unit 6848
33rd Transport Regiment 6849


The Heidan Mojifu of the 33rd Division was Yumi (bow), so her tsūshōgō looked like this:

Troop designation Tsushogo
33rd Division Yumi 6820
216th Infantry Regiment Yumi 6842
217th Infantry Regiment Yumi 6843
218th Infantry Regiment Yumi 6844
33rd Reconnaissance Regiment Yumi 6845
33rd Field Artillery Regiment Yumi 6846
33rd Engineer Regiment Yumi 6847
33. Signal unit Yumi 6848
33rd Transport Regiment Yumi 6849

See also

Web links


  • W. Victor Madej: Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle 1937–1945, Volume I + II , Game Marketing Company, 1981

Individual evidence

  1. Madej, p. 1, Vol I.