Violin Sonata No. 7 (Beethoven)

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The Violinsonate Nr. 7 in C minor Op. 30 No. 2 is a sonata for violin and piano by Ludwig van Beethoven .


The violin sonata op. 30,2 was composed together with the two other violin sonatas of op. 30, No. 6 in A major, Op. 30 No. 1 and No. 8 in G major Op. 30 No. 3 , in 1802.

To the music

1st movement: Allegro con brio

The fleeting theme of the first movement is repeated on the subdominant and ends in the dominant after a descending, chromatic tone scale . The first eight bars of the movement form an I-IV-VI cadenza. The second theme of the movement, a march, is repeated on the piano and ends in a final group with chord strikes as the final point. The exposure is not repeated.

After processing the issues and their combination with the final group during the implementation of the following recapitulation , in which the eight bars of the main theme not immediately sound like in the exposure, but only after the insertion of further six cycles.

The Coda is similar to the presentation of the main theme in the piano bass and a cantilena in the violin part of the implementation and thus appears as a new implementation.

Due to the transition from D flat major to A flat major both in the development and in the recapitulation and the processing of the second theme as a contrapuntal narrowing in D flat major - also in the recapitulation - the key of E flat major forms a constant element of the movement.

2nd movement: Adagio cantabile

The Adagio, which is elegiac in character due to the key of A flat major, is composed of a three-part song with coda. While the middle part, with its sustaining tones in the violin and arpeggiated piano chords, forms a contrast to the cantilena of the first movement, the dotted figure in the repetition of the first part takes up the march-like second theme of the first movement.

3rd movement: Scherzo. Allegro

The serene Scherzo of the Sonata is a trio in C major.

Beethoven later distanced himself from this sentence. For example, the Violin Sonata No. 7 should be published without the Scherzo in a planned but not completed complete edition.

4th movement: Finale. Allegro - Presto

At the beginning of the fourth movement, the bass trill and the chords of the first movement sound again.

In terms of structure, the movement combines the form of the rondo , which is expressed through unchanged repetitions of the theme, and the sonata movement form , which u. a. in execution-like sections from bar 134 or in an E flat major section from bar 39, which appears like a secondary theme.


The violin sonatas op. 30 appeared in 1803. Beethoven's dedication of the sonatas to the Russian Tsar Alexander I was rewarded by him with a payment of 100 ducats to the composer during the Congress of Vienna .


  • Booklet accompanying the CD box set Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms - Violin Sonatas. Deutsche Grammophon Production (Universal), 2003.
  • Harenberg cultural guide chamber music. Brockhaus, Mannheim 2008, ISBN 978-3-411-07093-0 .
  • Jürgen Heidrich: Violin Sonatas. In: Beethoven manual. Bärenreiter, Kassel 2009, ISBN 978-3-476-02153-3 . Pp. 466-475.

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