West Kip

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
West Kip
West Kip

West Kip

height 551  m
location Midlothian , Scotland
Mountains Pentland Hills
Coordinates 55 ° 49 '54 "  N , 3 ° 18' 49"  W Coordinates: 55 ° 49 '54 "  N , 3 ° 18' 49"  W.
West Kip (Scotland)
West Kip

The West Kip is a 551 m high hill in the chain of the Pentland Hills . It is located in the west of the Scottish Council Area Midlothian on the eastern flank in the center of the approximately 25 km long range of hills. The hamlet of Carlops and the small town of Penicuik are located five kilometers south and east, respectively. The neighboring hills are East Kip and South Black Hill in the east, Cap Law in the south and Hare Hill in the northwest.

The name of the hill contains the old Scottish word kip , which describes an object with an upturned point, especially a pointed hill. It is possibly related to the outdated German word "Kippe" or "Kipfe" for tip .


In the middle of the 19th century, the discovery of bronze weapons between West Kip and Braid Law not far from Eastside Farm was reported. However, nothing is known about their whereabouts. A Neolithic ax with a length of 115 cm was found 500 m northeast in 2002 .

Further traces of earlier settlement can be found on the Logan Burn Stream , which flows through the valley between West Kip and Hare Hill. The Hare Hill House was the home of a shepherd and is a testament to the great importance of sheep farming in the Pentland Hills over the past centuries. The foundation walls of the 9 m × 5.5 m building have been preserved up to a height of one meter. It is followed by a smaller structure that could have been a terrace. In addition, an oval area is fenced in, which could have been used to collect the animals. The site was abandoned in the first half of the 19th century.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Entry in the Gazetteer for Scotland
  2. Kip in: M. Scott: Scottish Place Names , Black & White, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84-502193-1
  3. Entry on Eastside  in Canmore, the database of Historic Environment Scotland (English)
  4. Entry on Eastside  in Canmore, the database of Historic Environment Scotland (English)
  5. Entry on Logan Burn  in Canmore, the database of Historic Environment Scotland (English)

Web links

Commons : West Kip  - collection of images, videos and audio files