Journal of geopolitics
The magazine for geopolitics (ZfG) was a scientific journal that appeared from 1924 to 1944 by Vowinckel-Verlag . From 1951 it was published with changing subtitles by the Institute for Geosociology and Politics . The last known issue was published in 1968 as Community and Politics combined with Geopolitics magazine.
Development and positions
It was because of his personal interest in the emerging geopolitics that Kurt Vohwinckel founded his publishing house in Heidelberg in 1923 and from 1924 on he published the magazine for geopolitics . Initially, Karl Haushofer , Erich Obst , Hermann Lautensach and Fritz Terner were the editors. Otto Maull joined the group of editors for Terner as early as 1925 . The first contribution of the first issue of the magazine is programmatically committed to the law of growing spaces , which was formulated by the pioneers of German geopolitics Friedrich Ratzel and Rudolf Kjellén . The magazine argued for the revision of the Versailles Peace Treaty and a future eastward expansion of the German Empire .
From 1924 to 1928 the circulation of the magazine rose steadily up to almost 4,000 copies, then a crisis followed by 1932, the number of copies and the size halved, it was combined with the magazine Weltpolitik und Weltwirtschaft from 1925 to 1942 . From 1932 Haushofer was the sole publisher, preceded by disputes about the political course of the magazine and interference by the National Socialist-oriented publisher Kurt Vowinkel. He became the editor, Haushofer's son Albrecht a permanent employee.
After the National Socialists came to power , the magazine picked up again, in 1934 the number of copies of 1928 had already been exceeded. The influence of Karl and Albrecht Haushofer diminished until they left the magazine entirely. This experienced a paradoxical development in the war years up to 1944: "While the number of copies rises again by leaps and bounds, the magazine literally has less and less to say, ie the volume falls in a steep line."
After 1945 geopolitics was outlawed for the time being. But as early as 1951 the sociologist Karl Heinz Pfeffer published a journal of the same name in the name of the Institute for Geosociology and Politics in Bad Godesberg, which, according to Carsten Klingemann, existed “only as a title”. The 1951 year, with the subtitle "Monthly Issues for German Foreign Knowledge", was numbered as "22. Jg.", Kurt Vowinckel Verlag , Heidelberg , was still the publisher . Authors z. B. No. 4, 1951 were u. a. Ernst Kern , Ernst Klingmüller , Martin Abel, Klaus Mehnert . For example, A. Danile with The World Beyond Capitalism and Communism stands for the program .
- Sonja Schnitzler: Sociology in National Socialism between science and politics. Elisabeth Pfeil and the "Archive for Population Science and Population Policy" . Wiesbaden 2012, p. 181.
- Niels Werber : Geopolitics for the introduction , Hamburg 2014, p. 111.
- Rainer Sprengel: Critique of Geopolitics. A German Discourse 1914–1944 . Berlin 1996, p. 34.
- Rainer Sprengel: Critique of Geopolitics. A German discourse. 1914–1944 , Berlin 1996, p. 32.
- Rainer Sprengel: Critique of Geopolitics. A German discourse. 1914–1944 , Berlin 1996, p. 35.
- Carsten Klingemann : Sociology and Politics. Social science expert knowledge in the Third Reich and in the early West German post-war period . Wiesbaden 2009, p. 190 (note 380).