Civil defense (Austria)
In Austria, civil protection is understood to mean "a multitude of measures to protect the population from natural and civilization-related dangers and to provide assistance in the corresponding emergencies."
As a result of the “security policy paradigm shift in Europe”, the aspect of the effects of warlike action has “largely lost its importance” in civil protection.
In addition, the aspect of "isolation from the outside" as a model of early civil protection has largely become obsolete, today these agendas are primarily represented in cross-border and international cooperation. These are the lessons that can be learned from the Chernobyl accident in 1986 and the avalanche disaster von Galtür in 1999 , the first major international aid mission in Austria (after 1951 and 1954 still during the occupation).
Civil protection in Austria today forms a comprehensive network of precautionary measures and the aid infrastructure and includes:
- Measures of self-protection
- Everyday security measures
- Measures to protect against natural disasters and technical accidents
- Provision to protect against the possible effects of international terrorism
- The central office of civil protection and thus also disaster control and crisis management in Austria is at the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BM.I), Department II / 4 civil protection, crisis and disaster control management . It oversees the State Crisis and Disaster Management (SKKM) program
- The operational (acting) center is the Operations and Crisis Coordination Center (EKC, the Federal Warning Center BWZ) with the state warning centers: All relevant reports come together in these warning centers, which are permanently manned. The EKC was installed in 2006 as a comprehensive coordinating staff unit whose tasks go beyond mere alerting.
- The disaster relief of the federal states is organized in the Austrian Civil Protection Association (ÖZSV).
In addition, numerous institutions are directly or indirectly involved in civil protection, authorities such as NGOs, scientific agencies, companies as well as non-profit and voluntary organizations.
The Civil Protection Association has also installed a platform, the Security Information Centers (SIZ), in which, in particular, public relations work and training and knowledge transfer of self-protection and civil protection measures are carried out. These facilities, which have been available as information stands at public events since 1986, are now being set up as websites.
- quote from the Federal Ministry of the Interior: civil protection in Austria. Retrieved December 29, 2018 .
- Civil protection in Austria: What does “civil protection” actually mean? ( Memento of November 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) , oeffentlicherdienst.at
- International Disaster Management. In: bmi.gv.at. Retrieved December 29, 2018 .
- Austria: From civil protection to comprehensive disaster management. In: crisis-prevention.de. October 11, 2017, accessed December 29, 2018 . , European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid. Retrieved December 29, 2018 .
- Civil Protection - BFKDO GM. In: gm.ooelfv.at. Retrieved December 29, 2018 .
- Federal Warning Center. In: bmi.gv.at. Retrieved December 29, 2018 .
- Security Information Center Austria