Emergency organization

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The organization in the security sector is called an emergency organization .

Emergency Organization , English services emergency, emergency response organization , defines itself as a "by public or private law authored organization with the charges brought by their forces public and means the execution tasks of security and damage control has to perform."

The emergency organizations include:

According to Daynes  (1970), four types of emergency organization can be distinguished with regard to their behavior in the event of an emergency:

  1. Established organizations that serve as first responders - they are permanently available for special areas of responsibility and are tailored to these in advance (e.g. police, rescue service, fire brigade, standing units of disaster and civil protection, military, emergency services and warning centers as well as ministerial departments)
  2. Expanding Organizations - they are principally active in the area, but reorganize specifically when necessary; This includes, for example, many non-governmental organizations (NGOs, non-governmental organizations ), charitable and social institutions that extend their familiar range of tasksto includein an emergency
  3. Extending Organizations - Organizations that are only involved in an emergency; they do not change the internal structure, but have to adapt to the situation; These include, for example, infrastructure operators whose maintenance teams do not normally work in a delayed manner, but whose on-site specialist knowledge is essential; For example, teams from other areas of responsibility are brought together on site or external specialists are mobilized
  4. Emergant groups - organizations and networks that are specifically set up when the need arises , such as working groups for voluntary neighborhood help as prototypes

Comprehensive coordination of all these forces is the central concern in civil protection and disaster control . The more extensive the application, the more organizations of types 2, 3 and 4 have to be involved.


  • Russel R. Daynes: Organized Behavior in Disaster . Heath Lexington Books series: Studies and Social Economics Series , Heath & Co, Lexington MA, 1970 - the standard work in disaster research, Disaster Research Center , Delaware

Individual evidence

  1. Example from ÖNORM S 2304: 2011 07 15 Integrated Disaster Management - Terms and Definitions , 2.14. Entry in austrian-standards.at ; Quote from the draft
  2. ÖNORM S 2304 2.6
  3. Lit. Daynes: Organized Behavior in Disaster ; according to Siegfried Jachs: Introduction to Disaster Management , Verlag tredition, 2011, ISBN 978-384240124-2 , Chapter 1.5.2. Organizational behavior , p. 56 ff ( limited preview in Google book search).
  4. Review: Niell A. Britton: Organized Behavior in Disaster: A Review Essay . In: international Journal of Mass Emergencies and Desasters , November 1988, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 363-395 ( pdf , cidbimena.desastres.hn).