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Assembly is a technical term from construction and from industrial production technology that is used in two meanings.

Assembly as a manufacturing process

  • The result of an assembly process can be a completely assembled machine, ready for painting or transport, or a transportable assembly.
  • The process of assembling several components: This includes the alignment and assembly, but also the assembling of several components of a technical device that can be dismantled to form a complete device.

An assembly is created by assembling parts , assemblies or components using manufacturing processes such as joining.

Parts connected to one another by welding are also referred to as welded assemblies because they cannot easily be disassembled without being destroyed.

The order that the manner and the timing of the assembly are in series production by a predetermined rule in the technology determined.

Assembly in the design process

The technical drawing of the individual components is not sufficient to visually represent the relationships between the various components of an assembly . Rather, an exploded view is suitable for this , on which the dependencies between the components are shown graphically. This is among other things to work planning the installation steps or in customer service for the maintenance and repair used a device. It is primarily used to build parts lists , whereby additional information such as the assembly sequence or the torques can be given on the drawing.

An assembly is often referred to as a ZSB for short , sometimes the term arrangement (abbreviation: 'AO') is used.

On the other hand, a set of components is referred to as a set of components which, although technically and structurally, do not form a unit in terms of production, e.g. B. a locking set ( locking system ) for a vehicle.