It can be divided into:
- Thalamus (thalamus dorsalis)
- Subthalamus (thalamus ventralis)
- the epiphysis is part of the epithalamus
The midbrain contains centers for olfactory , visual and auditory pathway , the surface sensitivity , the depth sensitivity and the emotional sensation. It is the seat of many sensations, drives and instincts that are essential for survival, such as hunger and thirst, the need for sleep and reproduction, and the instinct for survival .
- R. Jung: Neurophysiology and Psychiatry. In: KP Kisker et al. (Ed.): Psychiatry of the present. Research and practice. Volume I / 2: Basics and methods of psychiatry. Part 2. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 1980, ISBN 978-3-642-67417-4 , p. 753 ff., Here: p. 945 ff. ( Neurophysiology of affects and drives ).