A. Robert Wieland

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August Robert Wieland (born June 7, 1862 in Auerbach ; † March 18, 1940 there ) was a German entrepreneur .

The hosiery manufacturer A. Robert Wieland in 1911


Wieland's stocking production began on Anger 5. A. Robert Wieland worked here from 1881 to 1891 stockings

August Robert Wieland was born as the only child of a poor family of hosiery workers. His family can look back on a long tradition of hosiery. His great-great-grandfather Johann Carl Gottfried Andrä (1734–1766) was named as a master stocking maker as early as 1754. But farmers, craftsmen and scholars can also be found among his ancestors. From his father August Wieland A. Robert Wieland learned how to knit stockings on the hand-held chair . In 1880 he bought the first Paget machine. From 1882 to 1884 Wieland served in the military in Leipzig . In 1891 he built a factory with three partners in Auerbach in the Ore Mountains, from 1897 he was the sole owner after the other partners had been paid out. From 1902 he began to build a larger new factory. From about this point on, he only called himself A. Robert Wieland.

In 1914 he and his son-in-law Paul Thierfelder invented the “whole stocking”. With this process it was possible for the first time to produce stockings in one operation. Numerous other patents followed. By 1921 the company already had 400 employees. In 1927, the trademark originated ARWA , a composition of the name A ugust R Obert W Ieland and A uerbach. The hosiery produced was sold in Germany , as well as exported to many European countries and the USA .

Tomb of the August Robert Wieland family in Auerbach (Ore Mountains)

In September 1917, A. Robert Wieland commissioned the architect Max Hans Kühne (owner of the architectural office Lossow and Kühne in Dresden) to design a large family crypt. After the shaft work was completed and the substructures were completed in April 1918 according to Kühne's plans, Paul Thierfelder was buried on May 7, 1918. In 1924, A. Robert Wieland applied to the church council to have the superstructure carried out on the still unfinished crypt. At the meeting on August 30, 1924, the motion was granted. The superstructure was then executed with a free sculpture by the Chemnitz sculptor Bruno Ziegler , which is symbolically the "mother earth" in whose lap the children return. In August 1999 the family crypt was placed under monument protection.

The company was characterized by its social and cultural achievements. Among other things, there are: a settlement for workers and employees, an apprentice workshop, a works orchestra, singing groups, after-work groups, a company fire brigade, apprentice dormitories and a company health insurance fund.

With a workforce of around 1400 people, it was one of the largest factories in the German textile sector in the 1930s and 1940s. A. Robert Wieland died on March 18, 1940 in Auerbach, where he was buried.


On April 24, 1886, A. Robert Wieland married Emma Meta Thierfelder, the youngest daughter of a master stocking maker, in Auerbach. The marriage had six children. The eldest daughter Rosa Wieland was married to the architect Paul Thierfelder , their son was Hans Thierfelder . The eldest son Max Wieland was co-owner of the hosiery factory from 1921. He was particularly responsible for trade relations abroad.


In 1946, A. Robert Wieland's grandson, Hans Thierfelder, settled in Unterrot, a district of Gaildorf , in Württemberg . There he founded a new stocking factory under the ARWA brand. The district was later renamed Unterrot-Arwa. In this district there is an August-Robert-Wieland-Straße.

In 1939 an oak was planted in Auerbach (Ore Mountains). "A.-Robert-Wieland = Oak 1939" was written on a boulder that came up in front of the oak. The oak is still standing, but the stone is lost.


  • We from the hosiery . Works magazine of the ARWA operating group A. Robert Wieland, Feinstrumpf-Großwerke, Chemnitz 1939–1945.
  • Nodelzang 'un Maschenfang , ed. from the municipality of Auerbach / Erzgebirge, Stollberg 2001
  • Falk Drechsel: Wieland, August Robert . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
  • Falk Drechsel: folk art between hosiery. In: Between Davos and Auerbach. Life and work of elementary school teacher Hellmuth Vogel , ed. from the Saxon State Office for Museums, Dresden 2010.
  • Falk Drechsel: A. Robert Wieland - for his 150th birthday . In: Bulletin of the municipality of Auerbach (Erzgebirge), ed .: Municipal administration Auerbach / Erz., January 2012 ff.
  • Falk Drechsel: A. Robert Wieland (1862-1940) - a large industrialist from the Ore Mountains. Chance find in the anniversary year . In: Family and History, ed. by Manfred Dreiss, issue 3, July – September 2012, serial no. 82
  • Falk Drechsel; Heike Krause; Klaus Michael Oßwald: ARWA - the rise and fall of a stocking empire , Neustadt an der Aisch: Schmidt, 2014

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Source: Registry Office Auerbach / Erzgebirge, Weddings 1886, No. 12