Adolphe Tanquerey

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Adolphe Tanquerey PSS (born May 1, 1854 in Blainville-sur-Mer , Department Manche , France , † February 21, 1932 in Aix-en-Provence ) was a French Catholic priest from the Congregation of Saint-Sulpice , theologian and spiritual writer .


Adolphe Tanquerey began his training at the College of Saint-Lô , then from 1873 at the "Grand Séminaire" of Coutances , from where in 1875 he moved to the St. Sulpice Seminary in Paris . After studying for another two years in Rome , he received his doctorate in theology in 1878 at the Collegium Divi Thomae de Urbe (today the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum ); in the same year he was ordained a priest and became a member of the community of St-Sulpice. Eventually he became a professor of dogmatics and held various offices, such as that of the superior at the seminary of the Sulpizians. During this time he wrote his two most important works: The Synopsis theologiae dogmaticae and the Synopsis theologiae moralis et pastoralis . Because of the anti-church policy of France at the time, he moved to the Sulpizian seminary in Issy-les-Moulineaux , where he wrote his most famous work, the Précis de théologie ascétique et mystique (translated into several languages, German: Outline of ascetic and mystical theology ). This compendium has been translated into several languages ​​and is widely used. It described the schools of asceticism from the Church Fathers to the school of Alfonso of Liguori . However, the focus is on the École française de spiritualité . In 1926 he retired to Aix-en-Provence, where he took over priestly duties until his death and devoted himself to the constant revision of his textbooks and the writing of smaller publications on spiritual topics.

Publications (selection)

  • Synopsis theologiae dogmaticae . 3 volumes
  • Synopsis theologiae moralis et pastoralis . 3 volumes
  • Outline of ascetic and mystical theology , German translation by P. Johannes Sternaux SJ, Paris, Tournau, Rome, 1931 ( . : Précis de théologie ascétique et mystique. 1923/1925 (also online (French) ))