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Balloon radio probe

The aerology (pronounced aerology) (from Greek. : Άέριος (Aerios) "airborne, high" and -logie ), also called altitude meteorology called, is the branch of meteorology that deals with the study of the free atmosphere busy (ie the layers of air at a height of over 1–2 kilometers, above the atmospheric boundary layer ). The term aerology was coined in 1906 by Wladimir Köppen .

An essential source of data in aerology are measured values that are obtained by unmanned balloons ( radiosondes ) and weather satellites , as well as aircraft and sounding rockets . Many state weather stations conduct regular series of measurements , e.g. B. balloon probe ascents twice a day (usually at noon and at midnight). Another important method of aerology is ground-based remote sensing with laser beams ( Lidar ) and radar waves ( Wind Profiler / RASS) or spectrometers.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. GEMOLL : Greek-German school and manual dictionary
  2. aerology. In: Retrieved March 25, 2019 .
  3. H. Nitsche, A. Jaeger: History of Aerology in Germany (PDF; 126 kB) on the website of the German Weather Service , accessed on May 22, 2016