Academio de Esperanto
The predecessor of the Akademio de Esperanto was the Lingva Komitato ("Language Committee"), which had an "upper commission" called the "Academy". In 1948, after a reorganization, the academy was given the name “Akademio de Esperanto”.
The Akademio de Esperanto comprises various departments that deal with the various linguistic areas of the Academy's work. The departments are not strictly prescribed, but are composed as required. Each department is headed by a director. Each member of the academy can belong to different departments according to their interests.
The following departments currently exist: technical language, grammar, general vocabulary, literature, pronunciation, control of teaching materials and advice center.
The Academy also maintains commissions that perform various non-linguistic tasks. Each commission is headed by a director. In September 2007 there was only one such commission: History of the Akademio de Esperanto .
In 1999, the Akademio de Esperanto created the Konsultejo de la Akademio [Academic Advisory Service], to which every Esperanto speaker can turn for specific linguistic questions for advice and recommendations.
Decisions and recommendations
- Ninth official supplement to the Universala Vortaro [Universal Dictionary] (2007)
- On special techniques relating to the Esperanto alphabet and orthography (2007)
- To the country names (1974, 1985, 1989, 2003)
- On derivatives of komun / a: komunumo, komunaĵo, komuno (1990)
- Recommendations on proper names (1989)
- On the passive participation (1967 kaj 1989)
- Expression of the agent in complementary function (1986)
- On Esperanto Alphabet and Spelling (1982)
- On the word 'po' (1974)
- To Some Abuses (1973)
- To the reflexive (1971)
- Investigation and decision on word formation (1967)
The academy consists of 45 members who are appointed for a period of nine years. A new member must be proposed by at least five members of the academy who represent at least three different national languages. They are usually Esperantologists , Esperanto educators or writers. Outstanding personalities can be appointed "corresponding members". Presidents of the Academy were Johannes RC Isbrucker (Netherlands, 1948–1963), Gaston Waringhien (France, 1963–1979), William Auld (Great Britain, 1979–1983), André Albault (France, 1983–1995), Werner Bormann (Germany, 1995–1998), Geraldo Mattos (Brazil, 1998–2007), John C. Wells (Great Britain, 2007–2013), Christer Kiselman (Sweden, 2013–2015) and Probal Dasgupta (India, since 2016).
- Homepage (Esperanto)